Category

Eye Sight

Alzheimer and eye test

In the journal of clinical insight, researchers have found that performing retinal scans can pick up amyloid plaques which cause Alzheimer’s in the brain. Getting a yearly eye test can be a way to pick up early stages of Alzheimer’s and early intervention will be helpful to caregivers and family members. Researchers may have brought up a step closer that can detect a hallmark of the disease. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia, affecting more than 40 million people worldwide. And yet, finding a cure is something that still eludes researchers today. It includes difficulty sleeping, disturbed memory, drastic mood changes and an increase in confusion.

The Connection between Alzheimer’s and Eyesight

Your eyes may give doctors a window into one of the most difficult diseases to diagnose and doctors may have a peek at what the retina reveals about the early stages of Alzheimer’s. Eye tests may soon become the simplest and cheapest way to establish a precise diagnosis of Alzheimer’s eyes. Our eyes, because of their neurons are in some way an extension of the brain. One of the first detectable signs of Alzheimer’s is the accumulation of beta-amyloid protein aggregates in the brain. These aggregates begin to form 15 to 20 years prior to the onset of the first symptoms of the disease. And they can be detected through brain imaging, which is a costly method. A retina examination is simpler to perform and several research groups worldwide are currently testing this approach. Some researchers evaluated the thickness of the retina. They discovered that people who have memory problems had a thinner retina, compared to those without memory problem.

5 Areas of Visual Deficit

Alzheimer’s effect on eyes reveals five main areas of visual deficit that result in inaccurate perception.

  1. Lesser Potential to Detect Motion

    Some patients with Alzheimer’s eyes are incompetent to detect movement. They don’t see the world as an ongoing video like most people do and instead see them as still photos. This perception of the world can cause patients with Alzheimer’s eyes feel even more lost even in familiar surroundings. They may face difficulty following a moving object which can impact the ability to comfortably watch television or perform an activity that requires fast motion.

  2. Loss of Depth Perception

    Patients have trouble judging how far they are from an object. For example, this comes into play when someone is trying to sit down on a chair behind them and they can’t figure out how far they are from the object and they miss the chair and fall. And that can be a serious injury. They also have trouble of understanding whether or not an object is part of a surface or a separate object.

  3. Loss of Peripheral vision

    People by mid Alzheimer’s disease have a 12-inch field of vision where they have lost everything on the top and on the sides, as well as the bottom.

  4. Need for High Color Contrast

    Patients with Alzheimer’s eyes need objects of high color contrast. In order to pick out one object from another, they need to be of strongly different colors. For example, a white plate on a dark blue background on a table. A cup that has a strong color and is different from the liquid that’s in it would really help patients be more independent for longer.

Schedule an appointment with a trusted Ophthalmologist in Fresno today, to pick up early signs of Alzheimer’s eyes in your loved one.

eye exam

The easier access to the internet has significantly improved our lives, and with more services being made available on our mobile device, the multitasking smartphone does even more today. You can do a lot on your smartphone today that include shopping, watching television, checking the weather, and now even an online eye test that determines the vision and potential problems in your eye. A study reveals that 75% of Americans use some kind of corrective lenses. Getting the perfect pair of glasses can be time-consuming, which is why a new breed of vision test promises quick results. But can an online eye test replace your eye doctor?

What can an Online Eye Test do?

So it happened again. You misplaced your only pair of glasses or maybe you’ve run out of your last box of contacts. In order to get them replaced, you need a new prescription which means an appointment with your eye doctor. But now companies are offering to check your vision online, without having to step into a doctor’s office. They even send your eye test results to an ophthalmologist who can review the results with a prior prescription and issue a new prescription for glasses, contact lenses or both. However, online vision tests may detect visual acuity but are not designed to replace comprehensive eye exams. In fact, many eye care professionals question whether they are reliable as these tests cannot spot early signs of eye conditions. If you have medical concerns stemming from these tests, you should seek assistance from an eye care professional immediately.

What can an Online Eye Test not Check?

Online eye tests cannot effectively detect what an eye doctor can examine in person. For instance, your medical case history, color blindness, retinoscopy, dry eye syndrome, glaucoma, cataracts and pupil dilation, amongst many other vision problems. In-person eye tests even diagnose conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and even tumors. 92% of surveyed Americans would rather complete a comprehensive eye exam that is guaranteed to be accurate. The same survey showed that 86% of people preferred face-to-face interactions with their eye doctor compared to online eye tests.

Risks of Online Eye Tests

Don’t cut corners when it comes to your eye health. Online eye tests aim to assess your vision correction needs but they may not be very accurate. Additionally, these online eye exams don’t replace other important aspects of regular eye examinations. Your doctor assesses your eye health, spotting early signs of eye conditions. You’re also at a greater risk of an inaccurate prescription for your eyeglasses or contact lenses with these self-administered vision tests. Moreover, if your eye test isn’t done correctly, you may not be able to see as clearly as you should while driving and may experience headaches and eye strains with your new corrective lenses.

Schedule an appointment with a trusted Ophthalmologist in Fresno today for a comprehensive eye exam and any updates to your contact lenses prescription.

retinal detachment

You have probably already noticed that small dark spots sometimes seem to follow the movement of your eyes. These curious black floats that question us are, in fact, an integral part of our ocular system. These shadows, which can manifest in many forms and move in our eye, obscuring part of our visual field, are called eye floaters. Observed in more than 70% of people, they appear as lines or black dots, sometimes gray.

What Are Eye Floaters?

These are dark spots in the form of dots, circles, lines or cobwebs that seem to move in the visual field. They are particularly noticeable when you look at a background with little colors such as a clear sky or a white wall. Eye floaters can appear in multiple shapes or numbers and they seem to move when looking in different directions.

Floating bodies are in principle, simple proteins from the gel-like substance in the eye called vitreous. This threadlike group of proteins blocks the arrival of the external light to the retina, causing a shadow in front of the latter. So, the dark shapes that you see and move in your field of view are actually the floating bodies themselves.

Symptoms

Eye floaters can be uncomfortable, but they usually do not interfere with your eyesight. However, here are some symptoms that help you identify if you are observing eye floaters or some other ocular problems:

  • Black or gray dots
  • Squiggly lines
  • Threadlike strands, which can be bumpy and semi-transparent
  • Cobwebs
  • Profiled rings

Once you develop eye floaters usually they do not go away, but they tend to improve over time.

What Causes Eye Floaters?

The inside of the eye is filled with a transparent and gelatinous substance called the vitreous. The vitreous helps maintain the shape of the eye and allows light to penetrate through the retina – the thin, light-sensitive tunic that lines the back of the eye and works much like a film in a camera. Floating bodies are small gelatinous masses that form in the vitreous. Even if one has the impression that they are on the anterior part of the eye, they actually float in the vitreous and are perceived as shadows by the retina.

Other causes include:

  1. Age-related eye changes: With aging, vitreous shrinks and often separates from the retina. In fact, between the ages of 50-70 years, the vitreous is separated from the retina in about 50% of people and this causes the appearance of vitreous floaters. These can be very annoying at first, but the brain gradually learns not to pay attention and after a few months, you barely notice them. Visit your ophthalmologist to keep a check on age-related eye diseases.
  2. Inflammation in the back of the eye: Seeing floaters can sometimes result from internal inflammation or crystalline deposits that form in the vitreous.
  3. Torn retina: Most of the time, the vitreous separates from the retina without causing any problem. In some people, there are adhesions between the retina and the vitreous and tearing of the retina can occur when the vitreous detaches, causing in the eye a slight bleeding that may look like a group of new bodies floating.
  4. Other causes: Rare causes include tumors and the presence of intraocular foreign bodies. In some cases, the moving organs may be associated with diabetes, the results of ocular surgery or advanced cataract.

Eye Floaters Treatment

Benign eye floaters almost never need medical treatment. If they are unpleasant, you can move them away from your field of vision by moving your eyes. This maneuver moves the fluid in your eyes. Looking up and down is generally more effective than looking from side to side.

If eye floaters are so dense and numerous that they affect your vision, your ophthalmologist may consider a surgery called vitrectomy. During this procedure, a part or all of the vitreous body and its floating debris are removed and replaced with saline solution. Vitrectomy can have complications, such as retinal detachment, retinal tears or cataract. The risks of these complications are low, but if they occur, vision can be damaged permanently. Because of this, most surgeons will not recommend vitrectomy unless eye floaters are causing an extraordinary visual impairment.

Another option is laser vitreolysis wherein a laser beam is focused on large seeing floaters to break or vaporize them. However, you will need a good ophthalmologist to determine if you can benefit from this treatment. If you are in Fresno, you can find qualified and experienced ophthalmologists in Fresno for treatment of your eye floaters.

eye twitching

Eye twitching is a pretty common phenomena that involves an involuntary spasm of the muscles
in the eyelid. It typically lasts for a few seconds or minutes. It can come and go over a few days
or weeks.

Here are 7 reasons for an eye twitch:

  1. Stress, Fatigue and Lack of Sleep
    Our bodies react differently to stress and can result in eye strain. Fatigue and lack of
    sleep again can result in a twitching eye.
  2. Alcohol
    Alcohol consumption can take a toll on your health and can result in muscle exhaustion
    making your eye twitch at times.
  3. Dry Eye
    People, who wear contact lenses and take medication are more prone to dry eyesyndrome. Dry eyes often result in eye twitching.
  4. Eye Strain
    Spending a lot of time in front of computer screens and continuous use of technology can
    lead to an eye twitch. You should schedule an eye exam as you may need to get an eye
    check up done, especially for those of you who wear glasses.
  5. Blepharospasm
    Middle-aged women may experience eye twitching due to a nerve disorder which
    involves frequent muscle contraction.
  6. Allergies and Irritation
    Foreign particles such as dust, smoke and chemicals can result in swelling, itching and
    watery eyes and all of those can make your eye twitch at times.
  7. Nutritional Imbalance
    There is a possibility of getting an eye twitch due to lack of magnesium in your diet.

Tips to Get Relief

  1. Sleep properly for 6-8 hours
  2. Ditch the coffee and avoid caffeine
  3. Massage your eyelids
  4. Put an ice pack with a few drops of chamomile or rose oil on to get some releif from your
    eye twitch
  5. Drinking chamomile or lavender tea can help alleviate stress and relax your eye twitch

When is it Time to Consult a Doctor?

A twitching eyelid may not require immediate medical attention. However, persistent spasms
may indicate a brain or nervous system disorder. If you have any of the following symptoms, you
should consult your doctor:

  • Swollen red eye that may have some uncommon discharge
  • Drooping upper eyelid
  • Every time your eyelid twitches, your eyelid completely closes
  • Twitching for several days
  • Twitching infects other body parts

Eye health is a vital part of your well-being. If you want to ditch the twitch and are looking for a
trusted eye doctor in Fresno, call us on 559-449-5050.

Women-At-Greater-Risk-of-Age-Related-Eye-Health-Problems

It’s crucial to take care of your eyes at any point in life, but more so as you get older. It’s common knowledge that men and women are prone to developing common eye disorders and diseases with advancing age. However, research shows that the latter group may be at higher risk.

Let’s look at how age affects your eyes, how to maintain healthy vision for women, and why regularly visiting an ophthalmologist in Fresno (or your local area) is so important.

Women and Eye Health: What the Research Says

According to a study by Prevent Blindness, AMD or age-related macular degeneration is more common among women than men, as are glaucoma and cataracts. There are also more cases of visual impairment or blindness in American women over the age of 40 than men in the same age group.

However, women generally seem to be unaware of the threat:

  • Fewer than 10% of women in America know that they are at a higher risk of developing vision loss than men.
  • A whopping 86% of them believe the risk of permanent vision loss is equal for both men and women.
  • In addition, 5% of women believe the risk is higher for men than it is for women.

Top 5 Reasons for Early Vision Loss in Women

Here’s why women could develop low vision earlier than men:

  1. Longevity – According to the statistics, women usually have a longer lifespan than men. Many eye diseases, including AMD, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy, are related to advancing age.
  2. Hormones – Women experience serious hormonal fluctuations more frequently than men, especially during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Hormonal changes have been linked to dry eye and other vision problems.
  3. Lifestyle – Eye health is affected by lifestyle choices such as obesity, nutrition, exercise and smoking. While these factors are not limited to women, obesity and poor diets are on the rise among the adult female population.
  4. Socio-Economic Factors – Early detection and treatment of eye problems is often key to preventing vision loss, but various social or economic factors affect access to quality eye health care for women.
  5. Medication – Women generally take more prescription and non-prescription drugs than men. Many of these can lead to vision changes, e.g. birth control pills and medication for hormone replacement.

Precautions and Tips to Prevent Eye Conditions

Here are some eye care tips to help you maintain better vision and eye health:

  • Eye TestsVisit an ophthalmologist for regular checkups, especially during pregnancy. Get a full dilated eye exam if you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes and are pregnant or planning a baby.
  • Quit Smoking – Smoking seriously damages your health, and it can double the risk of AMD. It also makes you more prone to developing cataracts, which can only be corrected with eye surgery.
  • Use Protection – Eye protection, that is. Sunglasses with 100% UV protection and wide-brimmed hats can reduce sun damage, but also use protective eyewear while swimming, using tools or playing sports.
  • Cosmetic Safety – Make sure your face, hands and brushes are clean while applying eye makeup, and don’t ever share makeup or use expired products. Also ensure your hands are clean while putting in or removing contact lenses.
  • Healthy Food & Exercise – Eat a balanced diet with plenty of antioxidant and Omega-3 rich foods for healthy eyes. Regular exercise will also help you maintain eye health and reduce the risk of diabetes-related vision loss.

We want you to enjoy healthy vision all your life, so follow our tips above and make an appointment with InSight Vision Center for a dilated eye exam today!

Low Vision

According to recent studies funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the number of Americans who are visually impaired—including those with low vision— is expected to double to more than 8 million by 2050. With the increasing life expectancy rates, these numbers are extremely concerning as this goes to show that an increasing amount of people are at a risk of developing a visual impairment. Therefore, it is extremely important to spread awareness about such vision impairment tendencies and ensure that people receive the necessary help. But in order to spread awareness about this, take a moment to understand more about low vision, its symptoms and its impact.

What is low vision?

When low vision occurs, people find it difficult to read or see even with regular glasses, contact lenses and medicine or surgery. Tasks like watching TV, cooking, driving and even writing can seem extremely challenging. People aged 65 or older are most likely to be impacted by low-vision. The leading cause of low vision is due to improper treatment or delay in the detection of eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy, age related macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma. In case of younger adults, low-vision is usually caused by genetic tendencies or the prevalence of an undetected eye disease. Take a look at some facts related to low-vision and its widespread impact.

According to National Federation of The Blind:

  • It is estimated that about 1.3 million people in the U.S. are legally blind.
  • It is estimated that as many as 10 million Americans are blind or visually impaired.
  • There are 5.5 million seniors in the United States who are either blind or visually impaired.
  • Studies show that over the next 30 years, aging baby boomers will double the current number of blind or visually impaired Americans.
  • Just 1% of the blind population is born without sight. The vast majority of blind people lose their vision later in life because of macular degeneration, glaucoma and diabetes.
  • With macular degeneration, central vision deteriorates, resulting in blurred vision and eventually leads to blindness. While there are treatments to delay these conditions, there is no cure.
  • Macular degeneration is known to affect about 13 million Americans.
  • What Can You Do If You or Someone You Know is Suffering from Low-Vision?

    Low vision can be extremely tough to deal with, and may leave people feeling helpless, and anxious, that is why it is necessary to remind them that they can get help.
    First and foremost, it is extremely important to schedule regular visits to your ophthalmologist in order to supervise your eye health regularly. In case of those affected by low-vision, you must speak to your ophthalmologist about your treatment options to help reduce its impact and slow down the process. Your eye doctor will also be able to provide low vision aids to help improve the transition.

    As for those of you who are at a risk of low-vision or AMD, it is best to visit your eye doctor regularly and get dilated eye exams regularly to ensure optimum eye health. If you are looking for an Ophthalmologist in Fresno, we at Insight Vision Center, have a talented team of eye care specialists to address any of your vision related queries or eye health issues. So, if you have noticed any changes in your vision, don’t ignore the signs and book an appointment with us today, to know more about how you can protect your vision and keep it healthy.

Eyes-a-crucial-window-to-your-physical-health

Did you know that your eye health is a crucial indicator of your overall health? Ophthalmologists can through a comprehensive eye examination reveal a lot more about your physical health than just vision problems. Read here to know how.

  • Cloudy Eye
    Cloudy eyes are symptoms of cataracts which causes clouding of the lens inside the eye. This condition can be corrected with a cataract surgery. Generally, older people develop cataracts. However, if young people develop cataracts it may be an indication of either diabetes, tumors or any side effects of certain medications.
  • Blurred Vision
    Blurred or unclear vision may be a sign of diabetes. If it isn’t controlled well, it may further result in diabetic retinopathy – a condition in which tiny blood vessels in your eyes leak certain fluids and blood.
  • Abnormal Blood Vessels in Retina
    If you suffer from high blood pressure, the minute blood vessels in the retina twist and kink. In a condition called as A-V nicking, the retinal veins develop dents in their normal shape. This indicates a high risk of a deadly stroke.
  • Sudden Instances of Blurry Vision
    Abrupt loss of vision may be a sign of irregular blood flow to your eye or your brain. Even if your vision goes back to normal quickly, it might still be a warning sign of the initial phase of a migraine or a stroke. Immediate medical attention is advisable in such cases so as to prevent any serious damage to your health.
  • Yellowish Eyes
    Yellowish eyes and skin are indicative of jaundice. This means you may have liver problems caused by increased levels of bilirubin produced by your liver when it is damaged or inflamed. Chronic alcohol abuse, infection, cancer, improper dietary habits are some of the common reasons for liver damage.
  • Night Blindness
    If you are experiencing difficulty in seeing in low light like at night, you may be suffering from night blindness. It may be indicative of cataracts or poor vision which may be corrected with the help of prescription glasses. It may also indicate a deficiency of Vitamin A in your body. Add superfoods that are rich in Vitamin A to your diet such as carrots, spinach, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, etc.
  • Dry Eyes
    Various factors are responsible for causing dry eyes – hormonal changes, environment or the amount of time you spend staring at digital screens. If you spend hours staring at your laptop, smartphone or any other kind of digital screens, your eyes are at a greater risk of developing digital eye strain. Your eyes become dry, irritated and red if you don’t blink for a long time. Certain forms of arthritis are also linked with dry eyes.
  • White Spots on Cornea
    Those who wear contact lenses are at a greater risk of developing corneal ulcers. White spots on the cornea are one of the most prominent symptoms. As a contact lens wearer, your risk of developing white spots on your cornea increases if you often sleep with your contacts on. Ask our vision experts about Lasik eye surgery. It is an almost painless vision correction surgery which will help you see your best without the hassles of prescription glasses or contact lenses.

Your eye doctor can help you determine more about your physical well-being than just the right set of prescription glasses or contacts. Most symptoms which affect your eyes and physical health may be visible to you, but there are some which can only be identified by an eye doctor. In a nutshell, your eyes reveal a lot about your overall physical well being. Hence, it is crucial that you get your eyes checked periodically.

We at InSight Vision Center in Fresno, CA are more than happy to help you with any eye health-related problems or queries. Give us a call to schedule an appointment for a comprehensive eye check up today.

Causes-of-blurry-vision

Blurred vision can be a result of numerous health conditions. It may either be temporary or permanent, with the condition worsening over time. Some people can have blurry vision from birth due to a birth defect while others develop blurred vision over time. In some cases, the blurred vision can be corrected through LASIK eye surgery. Read on to know more about the major eye conditions that cause blurry vision along their cures.

Causes of Blurred Vision

  1. Long-sightedness (Hyperopia)
    This eye condition causes the objects that are close to appear blurry as the eye cannot focus properly. You can see clearly if the same object is moved further away. Hyperopia can be corrected with corrective lenses or LASIK eye surgery.
  2. Short-sightedness (Myopia)
    Myopia or nearsightedness is caused due to a refractive error in the eye. You may have blurry vision in one eye or both eyes and won’t be able to see far away objects clearly. You can use contact lens or eyeglasses to correct myopia. You can even opt for refractive surgery for a permanent solution.
  3. Astigmatism
    Astigmatism causes blurry vision at all distances. This is usually caused by an irregularly shaped cornea which doesn’t allow the light rays to come to a single focus point on the retina to produce clear vision, regardless of how far away the viewed object is from the eye.
  4. Presbyopia
    This is a naturally occurring age-related condition when you begin to experience a blurry vision of objects that are close-by. It generally affects people who cross the age of forty. It occurs due to the diminished ability of the eye to focus on near objects due to hardening of the lens inside the eye rather than a defect of vision caused by the overall shape of the eye like hyperopia.
  5. Cataracts
    If you experience some vision changes like cloudy vision or a blurry spot in vision, night halos or glares at night, it indicates a cataract. If they are not removed, cataracts can grow really cloudy and have the potential to obstruct vision to the point of blindness. You can opt for a cataract surgery to replace cataracts with artificial lenses. This successfully restores lost vision.
  6. Eye Floaters
    When you have eye floaters, your vision will be blurred by temporary spots or floaters that drift in your field of vision. Blurry vision and floaters usually appear when the eye’s gel-like vitreous starts to liquify with age, which causes microscopic bits of tissue within the vitreous to float freely inside the eye and cast shadows on the retina. Though it is a normal part of the aging process, you must go to a doctor immediately if you see a sudden shower of floaters as it could signify a torn or detached retina.
  7. Dry Eye Syndrome
    Chronic or dry eye syndrome can affect your eyes in numerous ways. It includes blurred and fluctuating vision. One way to relieve dry eye syndrome is by using artificial tears like lubricating eye drops, however, more advanced cases might need a prescription medication or punctal plugs to keep the eye lubricated and healthy.
  8. Over-wearing Contact Lenses
    Contact lenses are definitely more comfortable than wearing eyeglasses but if you wear them for a longer period than prescribed, proteins and other debris from the tear film will start building up on the lenses. This will increase the risk of eye infections and cause blurry vision of all a sudden.
  9. Glaucoma
    This complicated eye condition belongs to a group of related eye disorders that damage the optic nerve resulting in loss of vision. So, if you’re experiencing hazy or blurry vision, glaucoma maybe the cause. Since the symptoms of glaucoma are not visible until it has a significant impact on your eyesight, the best way to prevent glaucoma is to undergo an eye examination periodically. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, your treatment options include medication, laser or glaucoma surgery depending on the severity of your condition.
  10. Diabetes
    Diabetes is the most common cause of blurry vision and studies have also shown a positive correlation between diabetes and cataracts due to elevated sugar levels in the body. So, if you are experiencing blurry vision due to diabetes, be sure to see an eye doctor and report your vision changes to reduce the risk of other eye problems.
  11. Pregnancy
    Pregnancy generally accompanies morning sickness, swollen feet, constipation, back ache, and fatigue but the hormonal fluctuations in the body can also lead to blurry vision while you’re pregnant. However, your vision may return to its normal state following delivery but if you suffer more serious vision problems, be sure to see an ophthalmologist immediately.

Treatment Options

The treatment of blurry vision depends entirely on what is causing the blurring. Refractive errors like hyperopia, myopia and astigmatism can be corrected by using eyeglasses or contact lenses, the latter being a more comfortable option, but it’s important to keep your contacts clean. Put them in correctly, and avoid leaving them in for a longer period than advised.

If you are looking for something more permanent, you can opt for LASIK eye surgery in Fresno which is available in Insight Vision Center. It is a quick, painless procedure that will give you better vision and the results will last longer too.

Blurry vision that is caused due to other health issues like diabetes can be addressed by taking the right medication. Make sure that you don’t strain your eyes too much and try to prevent fatigue. Get adequate sleep and ensure that your eyes do not get dry. Use lubricating eye drops if necessary.

Causes of blurred vision

Book an appointment at InSight vision center if you are looking for LASIK in Fresno.

According to Blindness America, in its report titled “Vision Problems in the United States: Prevalence of Adult Vision Impairment and Age-Related Eye Disease in America”, women are more prone to vision problems than men. The report states that women are at higher risk for eye disease after the age of 50, especially:

  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

According to Prevent Blindness:

  • Women form the majority of Americans over 40 with visual impairment or blindness
  • 25% of women have not had an eye exam in at least 2 years
  • 5% of women believe men are at greater risk of permanent vision loss
  • 86% believe the risk is equal for men and women
  • Less than 10% understand that they are at greater risk

To protect your eyes and reduce the risk of vision loss, here are 7 eye care tips for women:

  1. Understand Potential Risks – Obesity, diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, autoimmune disorders, and thyroid problems increase the risk of eye disease. Know your family medical history. If vision loss, diabetic retinopathy, cataracts or glaucoma are common, you may have inherited these problems. Exercise regularly and get regular medical checkups if you’re overweight, since obesity can lead to diabetes and other conditions that affect eye health.
  2. Get the Right Nutrition – A balanced diet plays an essential role in women’s health, but certain foods are known to boost eye health as well. For instance, spinach, kale, broccoli and other dark green leafy vegetables are loaded with lutein. This antioxidant may help protect against AMD, the leading cause of blindness. Other antioxidants such as vitamin C, E and A, minerals and Omega 3 fatty acids are also essential for eye health.
  3. Wear Protective Eyewear – Your eyes are extremely delicate, so it’s essential to protect your eyes from excessive UV exposure, accidents and other damage. Wear sunglasses that block out 99-100% of both UVA and UVB rays, to reduce the risk of cataract and eye tumors. You should also wear protective eyewear to avoid eye injury while playing sports, swimming, cleaning with strong chemicals, or working with sharp tools.
  4. Care for Contact Lenses – A lot of women prefer to wear contact lenses instead of glasses, usually for aesthetic reasons or comfort. If you’re a contact lens wearer, follow a proper routine for cleaning, removing and replacing your lenses. Poor hygiene or over-wearing lenses can cause corneal scarring, which may lead to blindness. You can also opt for Lasik refractive surgery to get rid of both glasses and contact lenses permanently.
  5. Be Careful with Makeup – If you use eye makeup regularly, remove it at the end of the day. Sleeping with makeup on can clog your tear ducts or trap dirt and bacteria, leading to scratches, eye disease, and a host of other problems. Using eyeliners, mascaras and eye shadows past their expiry date can also cause eye irritation, allergic reactions and eye infection, so throw away old makeup and avoid sharing cosmetics with others.
  6. Watch for Vision Problems – Hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause can also affect your vision. For instance, water retention can cause a change in your number or power, as well as puffy eyelids or dry eyes when you’re pregnant. Dry eyes are also common during menopause, along with redness or heaviness in the eyes or eyelids. Be aware of changes that may occur as you get older, and get a checkup if you face any problems.
  7. Get an Eye Exam Regularly – A comprehensive eye exam can help you prevent eye disease, eye infection and even vision loss, since early detection and treatment keeps minor problems from turning into serious health concerns. Dilated eye exams may help with early detection of diabetes, high blood pressure and other medical conditions as well. If you wear glasses or contact lenses, get an eye exam every 1-2 years, and annually after the age of 50.

Women are caregivers, often looking after family’s wellness before their own. However, it’s equally crucial to care for your own vision and health, so you can continue to care for your loved ones. Head to InSight Vision Center for a comprehensive eye exam today!

eye-diseases-that-diabetic-patient-suffer-from

Do you have diabetes? If yes, then you are at a risk of developing serious eye diseases. High blood sugar can lead to problems like blurry vision, cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy. In fact, diabetes is the primary cause of blindness in adults between 20-74 years. Let us look at some eye diseases that result from diabetes.

4 Eye Conditions Related to Diabetes

1) Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)

One of the most serious eye conditions, diabetic retinopathy occurs when the tiny blood vessels present at the back of the eye become blocked and start leaking.

Types of DR

a) Background Diabetic Retinopathy

This doesn’t affect the eyesight but the eyes need to be monitored to ensure that the retinopathy doesn’t worsen.

b) Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

If background diabetic retinopathy gets worse, then many retinal blood vessels get blocked or damaged. If these changes occur over a large area of the retina, then the blood vessels to the retina will be reduced, which the body tries to fix by growing new blood vessels on the retinal surface or into the vitreous gel. However, these new vessels are generally weak and bleed very easily, thus affecting your vision

c) Diabetic Maculopathy

This occurs when the macula is affected by retinopathy. It affects the central vision, which is required to see fine details and color, and makes it blurry.

Causes of DR

The primary cause of this eye disease is chronically high blood sugar from diabetes as it directly damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina.

Symptoms

The early stages usually don’t have any symptoms, which is why the disease progresses unnoticed until it starts affecting your vision.

If the abnormal retina blood cells start bleeding, then it can cause an appearance of ‘floating spots’ in the eye. These spots may be clear on their own but if there is no proper treatment, the bleeding will recur and increase the risk of permanent vision loss.

Treatment

If your eye condition is detected in the early stages, then you will be given a laser treatment. It helps in preventing bleeding or growth of new blood vessels.

Reducing Risk

You can reduce the risk of DR by:

  • Controlling the blood glucose levels
  • Controlling the cholesterol levels
  • Controlling the blood pressure
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking

Get a regular retinal screening as it can help in detecting diabetic retinopathy at an early stage and early treatment will stop you from losing sight. You must have the retinal screenings more often if you’re pregnant and have gestational diabetes. The screenings must be done during your pregnancy and after your baby is born.

2) Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

This eye disease causes an accumulation of fluid in the macula, which is a part of the retina that controls our detailed vision abilities, due to the leaking of blood vessels. You must have diabetic retinopathy in order to have DME. It damages the blood vessels and results in vision impairment. If left untreated, these blood vessels begin to build up pressure in the eye and leak fluid, causing DME.

Causes of DME

High blood sugar is one of the main causes of DME. It can make the blood vessels leak or grow uncontrollably in your retina. DME occurs when the fluids leak into your retina. This leaking will cause the retina to swell, thus hampering the work of your macula.

Symptoms

It usually doesn’t have symptoms, however, you may experience the following:

  • Blurry images that are directly in front of you
  • Washed out colors

3) Cataract

This occurs when there is clouding or fogging in the otherwise clear lens of the eye. Since the lens allows you to focus and see images clearly, the cataract will cause blurry, cloudy or glazed vision. Cataract can strike anyone but those with diabetes can get cataract at an earlier age than others and the condition will progress more rapidly in diabetic people.

You can treat cataract through a surgery where the cloudy lens is removed or cleaned out and replaced by a clear man-made lens.

4) Glaucoma

Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve. It occurs when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye. This extra fluid builds pressure in the eye and damages the optic nerve and blood vessels, thus affecting the vision.

Symptoms

It does not cause any symptoms until it starts affecting the eyesight and you have major vision loss. However, in the early stages, you can experience headaches, blurred vision, eye aches, watery eyes and halos around a light.

Treatment

The treatment of glaucoma includes medications that can treat open-angle glaucoma. They lower eye pressure, reduce the amount of liquid the eye produces and speeds up the drainage.

Preventive Steps to Take

  • If you have type 1 diabetes, you should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist within three to five years after diagnosis.
  • Those with type 2 diabetes should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist shortly after diagnosis.
  • Annual eye exams are a must for people suffering from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. You can make the check-ups more frequent if necessary.
  • Women with a history of diabetes considering pregnancy should have an eye exam before and during pregnancy. This does not pertain to women with gestational diabetes.

Make an appointment today with an eye doctor at Insight Vision Center to rule out any eye diseases that may be caused due to diabetes.

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