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Scratched Eye - Symptoms & Treatment

Do your eyes hurt long after you accidentally poked your eyes, or something gets trapped in them? There are good chances that you got a scratch on the cornea of your eyes, the black circle in the middle of your eye. This condition is known as the scratched eye or corneal abrasion.

This post elaborates the symptoms and treatment options of the scratched eye. You will also get information on what to do and not to do for a scratched eye. Let’s get started!

Continue reading How to Treat Scratched Eye? Symptoms, Healing Time, Do’s & Don’ts

Nearsightedness vs. Farsightedness Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Are you struggling to read books? Or the road signs? Or the posters in your room? Is your vision appearing blurry? If yes, then you might be suffering from eye conditions like nearsightedness or farsightedness.

How do your eyes work?

While your eyes are the ones to give you vision, your brain does the work of seeing for you. Let us explain to you the complex connection of your eyes with your brain.

Continue reading Nearsightedness vs. Farsightedness: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Optometrist Vs Ophthalmologist

Fresno, CA, is a city of the lively arts scene and fine state university. Residents of one of the most affordable cities in America enjoy the easy-going vibe of this place. At InSight Vision Center, we take pride in providing all types of eye treatments, including cataracts, eye surgery, LASIK, glaucoma and others, to the people of Fresno, CA, since 1974.

We have the most experienced and incredible team of eye doctors in Fresno. And our eye care professionals provide the best quality treatment with compassion and care in our state-of-the-art eye clinics in the city.

At InSight Vision Centre, you can get treatment from the best ophthalmologists and optometrists. But what is the difference between ophthalmologists and optometrists? And how do you know which one is right for you? Let’s understand this in detail in the upcoming sections of this post.

Who are Optometrists & What do They do?

Optometrists have a degree in optometry. They are primarily known to perform vision tests and comprehensive eye exams. But they can do much more for your eye care. They can detect a higher level of eye health issues like glaucoma through a detailed eye exam. Although they can’t perform any major eye surgery, they can provide pre and post-operative care.

An optometrist, also known as OD, can check the success of an eye surgery by performing an eye exam on the patient the next day. They can also treat a minor eye injury or perform minor eye surgery in some states. Moreover, optometrists can diagnose underlying health conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune diseases through detailed screening of the patient.

Optometrists can prescribe corrective lenses, eyeglasses, and other visual aids. They are also eligible to treat patients with non-invasive treatments such as vision rehabilitation and therapy. Some states allow them to write prescriptions for medications as well.

Who are Ophthalmologists & What do They do?

Ophthalmologists are MDs (Medical Doctors) who specialize in treating all types of eye ailments. However, their level of specialization may vary according to their study. They can do additional years of training in a particular aspect of eye health. It can be glaucoma, cornea, retina, neurology, etc.

They can diagnose the criticality level of eye diseases and vision problems. They can do whatever an optometrist can do and much more. Ophthalmologists can treat severe eye issues like glaucoma, farsightedness, near-sightedness, cataracts, crossed eyes, retinal detachment, optic nerve syndrome, pediatric eye health issues, and much more.

They can prescribe medication and perform advanced-level eye surgeries for all the conditions mentioned above. They are also eligible to perform LASIK surgery.

Optometrist Vs. Ophthalmologist: Whom Should You Visit?

There is a vast difference between optometrists and ophthalmologists. As mentioned earlier, optometrists have their limits while treating your eye health issues. But ophthalmologists can treat all your eyes diseases. You can visit an optometrist first, and they can refer you to an ophthalmologist if required. Or you can directly go to the ophthalmologist as well.

Still, you may find yourself confused about whether to go to an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. Here is a need-based checklist that will help you settle the debate of OD vs MD eye doctors.

You should visit an optometrist for the following requirement:-

  • A detailed eye exam if you feel pain or other unusual symptoms in your eye.
  • Post-surgery follow-up to check the result of the procedure.
  • Routine vision screening test for checking if you need glasses or contact lenses.
  • Assessing the seriousness of an eye injury.

Go to an ophthalmologist if you need or want any of the following:-

  • Eye medication.
  • An advanced assessment of an injury.
  • Eye surgery.
  • Check-up if an underlying health issue is affecting your vision.
  • Vision test/eye exam (both OD and MD can do this).
  • Going for the first time for a comprehensive dilated eye exam in your 40s.
  • Advanced level follow-up for vision-rehabilitation after eye surgery.

Conclusion

At InSight Vision Center, we have a highly qualified and experienced team of optometrists and ophthalmologists committed to improve your life quality. They can treat and diagnose a wide range of eye problems with advanced diagnostic technology and vision correction products. Our team strives to consistently deliver excellent service and care to our patients in Fresno, CA.

Contact InSight Vision Center for best eye care at Fresno, CA.

halloween contact lenses

Halloween contact lenses, are a must-have for a spook-tacular Halloween look! While you are spoilt for choice with a plethora of options available in the market, there are a few important things to keep in mind before choosing that perfect pair of Halloween contacts to complete your spooky look.

In order to bust myths around contact lenses and create awareness regarding the types of eye diseases which may result from wearing such lenses without prescription, we have made a concise and easy-to-follow infographic so that you dress up this Halloween with care!

Take a look at this infographic to know how you can treat your eyes with a safe choice when it comes to Halloween contact lenses.

Book an appointment with InSight Vision Center to know more about it.

halloween contacts

contact-lenses-care

You can wear contact lenses for either vision correction or aesthetic purposes. Either way, you should take proper advice from your eye care professional. Also, it’s crucial to keep your contact lenses clean and take good care of them. This is because unclean contact lenses can lead to serious eye infections and long-term vision problems. Also, with proper contact lenses care and hygiene, your lenses last long.

Thus you should know how to clean contact lenses and take care of them before you start to wear them.

Risks Associated With Contact Lenses

There are certain risks associated with wearing contact lenses. You can prevent any damage to your eyes due to contact lenses by being aware of these risk factors. They are as follows:-

  • Using eye drops while wearing contacts without the recommendation or approval from your eye doctor can cause problems.
  • Old and ill-fitting eye contact lenses may scratch your eyes.
  • If the contact lenses are not fitting well, they can even lead to blood vessels growing in your cornea. This may also lead to vision loss in the future.

You should always contact your eye doctor at the earliest if you notice any uncomfortable symptoms like red & watery eyes, blurry vision, or increased sensitivity in your eyes.

Tips on How to Clean Contact Lenses

Cleaning your eye contacts properly can protect your eyes from infections. Following these everyday cleaning tips will help you a lot:-

  • The “rinse and rub” method is an ideal cleaning method for all types of cleaning solutions. In this method, you rub the contacts with clean hands and then rinse with the cleaning solution, and afterward, you can soak them.
  • Before touching the lenses, wash your hands with soap and water. Also, dry them with the help of a napkin which should be lint-free.
  • Store contacts in their solution only. Don’t store in water.
  • Keep the contact lenses solution in its bottle only. The solution will not remain sterile if you keep it in another container.
  • Don’t clean eye contacts with your saliva or any other liquid. Use its solution only.
  • Don’t use old solutions to clean the lenses.
  • Keep the bottle storing lenses closed tightly. The tip of the solution should not touch anything.
  • Don’t use a DIY saline solution.
  • Throw away expired contact lenses and cleaning solutions.
  • Trim your nails regularly so that you don’t scratch your eyes or lenses.
  • Use hair spray or face mist before you place your lenses on your eyes.
  • Do your eye make-up after putting on lenses.

Safety & Care of Your Contact Lenses

Apart from its cleaning, few contact lenses care and safety measures are also helpful in making your contact lenses long-lasting, without any damage to your eyes. They are as follows:-

  • Always remove lenses before sleeping.
  • Never get water in your eyes while wearing contacts. Thus remove them before swimming, taking a shower, or getting into a bathtub.
  • Follow the schedule suggested by your eye doctor for wearing, removing, and replacing the contacts.
  • Your cornea can change shape after a point of time, and eye contacts can also wrap. Thus, you will get an eye exam schedule by your doctor to ensure that the lenses fit properly and the prescription is relevant. Don’t miss that appointment or delay it further. It can adversely impact the quality of your vision.
  • Your doctor, contact lenses manufacturers, and cleaning solution manufacturers will provide you with a particular set of instructions. Follow those instructions diligently.
  • If, for any reason, you keep your contact lenses for 30 days or more without re-disinfecting, don’t wear them again.

Contact Lenses Care System

Apart from the cleaning, safety, and caring routine, there is a proper contact lenses care system prescribed by the doctor of optometry. It is based on the lenses material and the way you wear them. There are basically 2 types of care systems – multipurpose care solutions and hydrogen peroxide care solutions. Multipurpose solutions are suitable in the case of GP (Gas Permeable lenses).

You can also be prescribed cleaning and soaking solutions for GP lenses. There are some generic contact lenses solutions as well. They are mostly suitable for older lenses. Following the correct care system is crucial for the success of contact lenses. If you wish to change the care system, do it with the recommendation of your optometry doctor only.

Contact Our EYE Experts in Fresno to Place Order for Best Suited Contact Lenses for You

Wrapping up!

The information mentioned above must help you in maintaining your contact lenses on a day-to-day basis. But for your overall vision safety with eye contacts, you should follow the eye check-up schedule with your eye doctor. A little care with lenses ensures youthful vision with a sparkle in your eyes always.

Contact InSight Vision Center in Fresno, CA for a Detailed Evaluation of Your Eyes.

Ocular-hypertension

Ocular hypertension or Intraocular pressure (IOP) is a condition in which your eye pressure gets higher than the average level. If left untreated, IOP can lead to glaucoma and permanent loss of vision. 3 to 6 million Americans are at risk of suffering from glaucoma due to high Eye pressure. Therefore you need to be well-informed about its causes, diagnosis and treatment.

Possible Causes of Ocular Hypertension

  • Medications

The steroid used in certain eye drops, asthma medicines, and medication for other chronic conditions can accelerate your eye pressure.

  • Risk Factors

The risk factors for getting glaucoma because of ocular hypertension include:-

    • Being more than 40 years of age
    • Being from Hispanic or African American race
    • Suffering from diabetes or hypertension or both
    • Family history of intraocular pressure
  • Inadequate Aqueous Production or Drainage

Aqueous is a clear fluid that is produced by the ciliary body in your eyes. Faster production of aqueous or its slow draining from eyes triggers IOP.

  • Eye Trauma

Eye trauma can disturb the production of aqueous, which can lead to ocular hypertension. Be sure to mention if you had an eye injury or trauma in the past when you go for an eye test.

Ocular Hypertension Symptoms

Unfortunately, there are no recognizable symptoms of high eye pressure. You can be attentive if you identify with any of the risk factors or causes mentioned above. But only a diagnostic eye check-up can detect high eye pressure.
Schedule an appointment at InSight Vision Center for a comprehensive eye exam.

Eye Pressure Test & Diagnosis

The following types of diagnosis can be performed during your eye check-up to detect whether your eye pressure is normal or high:-

  • Visual Field Testing

It is a risk assessment test that examines your peripheral vision through an automated visual field machine. Your case is considered high-risk if any vision defects are detected. This test is repeated every two months for high-risk patients.

  • Optic Nerve Check

Photographs of the front surface of your optic nerve are taken to assess any damage. These photographs can be taken periodically for comparison and future reference.

  • Pachymetry

In this test, your coronial thickness is checked via ultrasound. If your cornea is too thin, it can provide false low IOP reading. In contrast, a thicker cornea will give false high IOP reading.

  • Visual Acuity

It’s a manual test of your vision by making you read an eye chart that is put at a certain distance. If needed, you are provided with vision-correcting glasses.

  • Gonioscopy

It is a test performed to check the openness of drainage angle of your eyes with the help of special contact lenses. Shallow or closed drainage angles can accelerate eye pressure.

  • Tonometry

In tonometry, your eye pressure is measured from inside the eyes to check if it is coming in the range of normal intraocular pressure or not.

  • Front of the Eyes

All the front parts of the eyes, including the anterior chamber, cornea, lens and iris are tested using a microscope.

  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

In OCT, light waves are used to take cross-section pictures of your retina to check for any abnormality.

Ocular Hypertension Treatment

  • Closely Monitoring Intraocular Pressure

The eye doctors won’t start your medication at the first sign of high eye pressure. They will monitor it at regular intervals. You are at increased risk of developing glaucoma only if you frequently cross the normal eye pressure range by age.

  • Eye Drops

Eye drops are the most common form of IOP treatment. Your doctor might call you for regular check-ups to see if the eye drops are working without any side effects.

  • Surgery

If eye drops are not effective in treating your ocular hypertension, the doctor might prescribe surgery. But it is a risky treatment option. Thus your doctor will try all the alternate medicines before opting for laser or surgical solutions.

In Conclusion

You can’t do much to prevent ocular hypertension. But you can indeed prevent it from progressing into glaucoma by going for regular eye check-ups. Book your slot at InSight Vision Center for a thorough eye check-up to detect all underlying eye health issues, including high eye pressure.

children's eye safety month

August is the global Children’s Eye Health and Safety Month – a perfect reminder for you to have your children’s eyes checked.

Give your children the best opportunities to develop the best possible vision they can, which is why regular vision checks are of absolute importance.

All children’s eyes are mostly healthy, but you should have them examined during scheduled pediatric visits which should ideally start from the age of three onwards.

Symptoms of Eye and Vision Problems in Children

You as parents should be aware of all the signs that indicate whether your child has any vision-related problems such as these:

  • Wandering or crossed eyes
  • A family history of childhood vision related problems
  • Lack of interest in reading or looking at distant objects
  • Squinting or turning his/her head unusually while watching television
  • Eyes are constantly watering or tearing
  • The eyelids are swollen or bloodshot
  • The child is blinking more than usual
  • Child is complaining of blurry vision; eyes are itchy or burning
  • Feel dizzy or ill after doing some close-up vision related activity

Protect Your Child’s Eyes

We should all utilize this month to teach our children about the importance of eye safety and also implement it with immediate effect.

You can protect your child’s eyes by:

  • Making it mandatory for your kids to wear protective eyewear while taking part in any sports or recreational events.
  • Allowing them to play with toys that have no sharp or protruding edges or corners.

The Role of Eye Safety in Your Child’s Life

Now that you have done everything that you possibly can to ensure that your child’s eyes are safe. Whether they are budding sportsmen or simply just playing with their friends, there are a lot of injuries that they are exposed to. According to current stats, roughly more than 12 million children suffer from some kind of vision impairment and eye injuries which are often the cause of eye injuries, of which 42,000 sports-related eye injuries.

Take precautions and protect your children’s vision. This August, give the apple of your eye the gift of clear vision. Be a Super Mom and bring your child to InSight Vision Center for a comprehensive eye checkup.

Macular Degeneration

Your central vision depends upon the macula in your retina. When fluid or blood is leaked by abnormal blood vessels into the macula, you get the eye disorder known as wet macular degeneration or wet AMD. This disorder makes your central vision weak. This condition is curable through proper treatment. But if left untreated, it can lead to serious eye-health issues.

Possible Wet Macular Degeneration Symptoms

  • Blind spot or Blurry Vision
  • Weak Central Vision in Either or Both Eyes
  • Colors Appearing Less Bright
  • Words Appearing Blurred
  • Altered Vision
  • Not Able to Recognize Faces
  • Poor Vision in Dim Light
  • The symptoms get worse in a short time. Therefore don’t delay in contacting your eye doctor the moment you spot any of them.

    Causes of Wet AMD

    Aging and genes seem to play a significant role in causing wet macular degeneration. Smoking and obesity also contribute to worsening this eye disorder. It starts as dry AMD then progresses to wet AMD. If you get wet AMD in one eye, you will mostly get it in the other eye as well.

    Risk Factors

    Following factors can increase the chances of your dry AMD progressing into wet AMD:-

  • Being above the Age of 60 – Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration
  • Wet AMD in Hereditary
  • Protein Deposits Under the Macula
  • Being of Caucasians Race
  • More Than 5 Drusen
  • Smoking Regularly
  • Having Cardiovascular Disease or High Blood Pressure
  • Pigment Clumping
  • Being Obese
  • Prevention

    Following are the tips to reduce your risk of getting wet AMD:-

  • Have routine eye exams.
  • Be extra careful if you have cardiovascular disease, obesity, or high blood pressure.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat healthy food full of antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids like fish, nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Ask your doctor for dietary supplements which can reduce the risk of wet AMD.
  • Diagnosis

    After reviewing your medical and family history, the doctor will conduct the following tests to diagnose wet AMD:-

    • Dilated Eye Exam: The doctor uses eye drops to dilate your eyes. Then they will examine the back of your eyes with their instrument to trace blood, fluid, or multiple drusen.
    • Amsler Grid Test: This test detects a defect in central vision. The straight line on the grid looks distorted if there is an issue in the central vision.
    • Fluorescein Angiography: A colored dye is injected through your arms which travels to your eye. A camera follows the dye to examine any leaking blood vessels.
    • Indocyanine Green Angiography: It is also done through a dye to confirm fluorescein angiography findings or check any deeper abnormal vessel in the retina.
    • Optical Coherence Tomography: It is a non-invasive imaging test to observe the cross-section of the retina and any thickening, thinning, or swelling.

    Treatment

    There are two main methods of wet macular degeneration treatment:-

    1. Medication
    2. Your body sends growth signals for new vessels to develop. Some medicines can stop those signals from reaching the abnormal blood vessels in your macula. Injecting those medicines in the affected eye is the first-line treatment for wet AMD. Prominent drugs for wet macular degeneration treatment are Bevacizumab, Ranibizumab, Aflibercept, and Brolucizumab.

    3. Therapy
  • Photodynamic Therapy: Verteporfin drug is injected into your arms which travels to your eye blood vessels. Laser and lights are used from outside to aid verteporfin in curing the abnormal vessels.
  • Photocoagulation: It is only done for patients with a specific stage of wet AMD. A high-energy laser beam is used to seal your abnormal blood vessels underneath the macula.
  • Low Vision Rehabilitation: It is a therapy that helps you to adapt to your changed vision. You might need multiple visits to the doctor to fix your condition. You can be cured entirely, or some of your wet macular degeneration symptoms will go away partially.
  • Time to Visit a Doctor

    If you notice any wet AMD symptoms, you should visit your doctor for an eye check-up. It becomes more crucial if you are older than 65.

    Eye herpes, also known as ocular herpes, is a viral condition of the eye caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). In most cases, eye herpes affects the cornea of the eye when it is called herpes keratitis. Herpes around the eye can affect the superficial cells of the cornea or the main body of the cornea. Eye herpes is usually transmitted when a person touches a cold sore on their lip and then their eye, oral contacts such as kissing or sharing food, eating utensils or a toothbrush.

    Types of eye herpes: 

    There are two main types of eye herpes including:

    • Epithelial keratitis– is one of the most commonly occurring herpes of the eye wherein the virus is active in the thin outermost layer of the cornea, known as the epithelium.
    • Stromal keratitis– is a more serious condition because over time and repeated outbreaks cause enough damage to your cornea to cause blindness.

    Symptoms of Eye Herpes:

    An ocular herpes outbreak is diagnosed with various signs and symptoms associated with it. Experiencing inflammation of the cornea giving rise to irritation or sudden and severe ocular pain, or a supremely cloudy cornea leading to blurry vision are some of the indications.

    Other symptoms of eye herpes include:

    • The feeling of something being in the eye
    • Light sensitivity
    • Redness
    • Blurred vision
    • Swelling around the eyes
    • Inflamed eyelids (blepharitis)

    What causes eye herpes?

    The virus enters the body due to the nasal secretions or spit of a person with the infection. Upon entering, it travels through the body’s nerves including the ones in your eye. The virus could initially be dormant but certain triggers like fever, major surgical or dental procedures, stress, sunburn, trauma or severe injury can facilitate its reproduction causing eye irritation. Some causes include:

    • Major surgical or dental procedures
    • Trauma

    Diagnosing eye herpes

    Ophthalmologists, or eye doctors, begin diagnosing your herpetic eye disease by asking in-detail questions about the symptoms. That is followed by an eye exam to evaluate your vision, sensitivity to light, and eye movements using a special microscope (slit lamp) to visualize the eye’s surface and the eyelid.

    As part of the diagnosis, you may be asked to give a small cell sample from a blistered area for lab testing to check the presence of HSV. Another option is a fluorescein eye stain test to look at the dye stains in your eye and identify any problems with your cornea, such as scarring.

    Eye herpes treatment

    There is no cure for herpetic eye disease currently. Your doctor will prescribe antiviral medications to reduce the effects and symptoms of the condition. It could be medicated eye drops, ointments or oral medications, depending on the location and severity of your eye herpes. Your treatment will also differ depending on whether you have epithelial keratitis (the milder form) or stromal keratitis (the more damaging form):

    • Epithelial keratitis treatment – take antiviral medication to minimize cornea damage and vision loss. A common treatment is the oral medication acyclovir (Zovirax) because it doesn’t come with some of the potential side effects of eye drops. Your doctor may also perform debridement to remove diseased cells wherein they gently brush the surface of your cornea with a cotton swab after applying numbing drops.
    • Stromal keratitis treatment – In this case, prefer antiviral therapy and take steroid (anti-inflammatory) eye drops to reduce swelling in the stroma.

    Although eye herpes is not curable, you can minimize the eyesight damage during sudden outbreaks at the first sign of the symptoms. Contact your doctor to schedule an eye check-up today. That is because the sooner your treatment begins, the lesser significant damages your cornea will face.

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