Category

eye care

Macular Degeneration

Your central vision depends upon the macula in your retina. When fluid or blood is leaked by abnormal blood vessels into the macula, you get the eye disorder known as wet macular degeneration or wet AMD. This disorder makes your central vision weak. This condition is curable through proper treatment. But if left untreated, it can lead to serious eye-health issues.

Possible Wet Macular Degeneration Symptoms

  • Blurry or Blind Spot in Vision
  • Weak Central Vision in Either or Both Eyes
  • Colors Appearing Less Bright
  • Words Appearing Blurred
  • Altered Vision
  • Not Able to Recognize Faces
  • Poor Vision in Dim Light
  • The symptoms get worse in a short time. Therefore don’t delay in contacting your eye doctor the moment you spot any of them.

    Causes of Wet AMD

    Aging and genes seem to play a significant role in causing wet macular degeneration. Smoking and obesity also contribute to worsening this eye disorder. It starts as dry AMD then progresses to wet AMD. If you get wet AMD in one eye, you will mostly get it in the other eye as well.

    Risk Factors

    Following factors can increase the chances of your dry AMD progressing into wet AMD:-

  • Being above the Age of 60 – Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration
  • Wet AMD in Hereditary
  • Protein Deposits Under the Macula
  • Being of Caucasians Race
  • More Than 5 Drusen
  • Smoking Regularly
  • Having Cardiovascular Disease or High Blood Pressure
  • Pigment Clumping
  • Being Obese
  • Prevention

    Following are the tips to reduce your risk of getting wet AMD:-

  • Have routine eye exams.
  • Be extra careful if you have cardiovascular disease, obesity, or high blood pressure.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat healthy food full of antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids like fish, nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Ask your doctor for dietary supplements which can reduce the risk of wet AMD.
  • Diagnosis

    After reviewing your medical and family history, the doctor will conduct the following tests to diagnose wet AMD:-

    • Dilated Eye Exam: The doctor uses eye drops to dilate your eyes. Then they will examine the back of your eyes with their instrument to trace blood, fluid, or multiple drusen.
    • Amsler Grid Test: This test detects a defect in central vision. The straight line on the grid looks distorted if there is an issue in the central vision.
    • Fluorescein Angiography: A colored dye is injected through your arms which travels to your eye. A camera follows the dye to examine any leaking blood vessels.
    • Indocyanine Green Angiography: It is also done through a dye to confirm fluorescein angiography findings or check any deeper abnormal vessel in the retina.
    • Optical Coherence Tomography: It is a non-invasive imaging test to observe the cross-section of the retina and any thickening, thinning, or swelling.

    Treatment

    There are two main methods of wet macular degeneration treatment:-

    1. Medication
    2. Your body sends growth signals for new vessels to develop. Some medicines can stop those signals from reaching the abnormal blood vessels in your macula. Injecting those medicines in the affected eye is the first-line treatment for wet AMD. Prominent drugs for wet macular degeneration treatment are Bevacizumab, Ranibizumab, Aflibercept, and Brolucizumab.

    3. Therapy
  • Photodynamic Therapy: Verteporfin drug is injected into your arms which travels to your eye blood vessels. Laser and lights are used from outside to aid verteporfin in curing the abnormal vessels.
  • Photocoagulation: It is only done for patients with a specific stage of wet AMD. A high-energy laser beam is used to seal your abnormal blood vessels underneath the macula.
  • Low Vision Rehabilitation: It is a therapy that helps you to adapt to your changed vision. You might need multiple visits to the doctor to fix your condition. You can be cured entirely, or some of your wet macular degeneration symptoms will go away partially.
  • Time to Visit a Doctor

    If you notice any wet AMD symptoms, you should visit your doctor for a check-up. It becomes more crucial if you are older than 65.

    Eye herpes, also known as ocular herpes, is a viral condition of the eye caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). In most cases, eye herpes affects the cornea of the eye when it is called herpes keratitis. Herpes around the eye can affect the superficial cells of the cornea or the main body of the cornea. Eye herpes is usually transmitted when a person touches a cold sore on their lip and then their eye, oral contacts such as kissing or sharing food, eating utensils or a toothbrush.

    Types of eye herpes: 

    There are two main types of eye herpes including:

    • Epithelial keratitis– is one of the most commonly occurring herpes of the eye wherein the virus is active in the thin outermost layer of the cornea, known as the epithelium.
    • Stromal keratitis– is a more serious condition because over time and repeated outbreaks cause enough damage to your cornea to cause blindness.

    Symptoms of Eye Herpes:

    An ocular herpes outbreak is diagnosed with various signs and symptoms associated with it. Experiencing inflammation of the cornea giving rise to irritation or sudden and severe ocular pain, or a supremely cloudy cornea leading to blurry vision are some of the indications.

    Other symptoms of eye herpes include:

    • The feeling of something being in the eye
    • light sensitivity
    • Redness
    • blurry vision
    • Swelling around the eyes
    • inflamed eyelids (blepharitis)

    What causes eye herpes?

    The virus enters the body due to the nasal secretions or spit of a person with the infection. Upon entering, it travels through the body’s nerves including the ones in your eye. The virus could initially be dormant but certain triggers like fever, major surgical or dental procedures, stress, sunburn, trauma or severe injury can facilitate its reproduction causing eye irritation. Some causes include:

    • Major surgical or dental procedures
    • Trauma

    Diagnosing eye herpes

    Ophthalmologists, or eye doctors, begin diagnosing your herpetic eye disease by asking in-detail questions about the symptoms. That is followed by an eye exam to evaluate your vision, sensitivity to light, and eye movements using a special microscope (slit lamp) to visualize the eye’s surface and the eyelid.

    As part of the diagnosis, you may be asked to give a small cell sample from a blistered area for lab testing to check the presence of HSV. Another option is a fluorescein eye stain test to look at the dye stains in your eye and identify any problems with your cornea, such as scarring.

    Eye herpes treatment

    There is no cure for herpetic eye disease currently. Your doctor will prescribe antiviral medications to reduce the effects and symptoms of the condition. It could be medicated eye drops, ointments or oral medications, depending on the location and severity of your eye herpes. Your treatment will also differ depending on whether you have epithelial keratitis (the milder form) or stromal keratitis (the more damaging form):

    • Epithelial keratitis treatment – take antiviral medication to minimize cornea damage and vision loss. A common treatment is the oral medication acyclovir (Zovirax) because it doesn’t come with some of the potential side effects of eye drops. Your doctor may also perform debridement to remove diseased cells wherein they gently brush the surface of your cornea with a cotton swab after applying numbing drops.
    • Stromal keratitis treatment – In this case, prefer antiviral therapy and take steroid (anti-inflammatory) eye drops to reduce swelling in the stroma.

    Although eye herpes is not curable, you can minimize the eyesight damage during sudden outbreaks by contacting your doctor at the first sign of the symptoms. That is because the sooner your treatment begins, the lesser significant damages your cornea will face.

    Chalazion, The Lump in Eyes

    There is a meibomian gland at the edge of your eyelid. The job of this gland is to produce lubricating oil for the eye surface. But when this gland gets blocked, minor swelling or a lump on your eyelid appears. This lump is known as chalazion and chalazia if you have multiple lumps over your eyelid. This condition is pretty common.

    Let’s look at the symptoms, causes, diagnosis of chalazion, and chalazion treatment as well.

    Signs & Symptoms of Chalazion

    You might have chalazion if you are facing the following prevalent signs and symptoms of chalazion:-

    • The inflamed, small, and red area mostly over your upper eyelid in the beginning stage.
    • Your eyes are feeling watery, along with irritation, discomfort, or pain.
    • Blurry vision in case of an enormous lump on the eyelid.
    • The skin surrounding your eyelid might also appear red.
    • When the inflammation increases, the lump on your eyelid feels firm and hard when touched.

    Chalazion Causes & Possible Risk Factors

    As mentioned earlier, chalazion happens when the oil-generating gland in your eyes gets blocked. It happens due to various reasons like:-

    • Underlying Inflammatory Conditions
    • Chronic Blepharitis
    • Seborrheic Dermatitis
    • Acne Rosacea
    • Viral Conjunctivitis

    Here are the possible risk factors associated with chalazion in your future which you should watch out for:-

    • Diabetes
    • Viral Infections
    • Skin Cancer
    • Tuberculosis
    • Return of Chalazion

    Diagnosis of Chalazion

    An Eye doctor can diagnose chalazion through performing a physical examination. They might also ask for your detailed medical history. In the physical examination, they will test the vision of both the eyes individually. The eye doctor will also check the eyelid, face, and eyes closed for any symptoms.

    If you are repeatedly suffering from chalazion, your eye doctors may refer you to an ophthalmologist. They will test you for other serious eye infections as well. In case of repetitive chalazion, your health care provider might also suspect underlying severe illnesses like diabetes. They might prescribe a blood test to conclude.

    Home Chalazion Treatments

    You can try these simple home chalazion treatments, which are effective according to the doctors also.

    • Warm compress is a traditional remedy for many ailments. It is effective for chalazion also. Apply and hold a warm compress on the affected eyelid for 15 minutes. Do that at least 3-4 times a day.
    • Give a gentle massage on the impacted eyelid and eyes after the warm compress. Massage and compress combined will unblock the gland.
    • Practice more patience because sometimes the lump on your eyelid might take weeks or months to disappear.
    • Don’t make any desperate attempts like poking, stabbing, popping, or trying to pinch the lump out. You might get scratches and inflammation on your gland. As a result, it may reclog.

    Signs That You Should Call Your Doctor

    The above home remedies should be enough to minimize the impact of chalazion. And the lump should also be gone in few days. However, if it doesn’t happen, your degree of infection might need advance medical treatment. So you should call your physician or ophthalmologist at the earliest.

    Some other warning signs which call for immediate action are fever, headache, protruded eyes, blurry or double vision, eye pain, and redness. If a child is facing these symptoms, you must soon get an appointment with the doctor.

    Key Takeaway!

    A chalazion is a common eye problem, and mostly it goes away in some time. But you should not take your eye health for granted. Keep a watch on the symptoms explained in this article. If the lump on your eyelid doesn’t go away after trying all the home chalazion treatments, you should not delay seeing your eye doctor. And remember to be extra careful if a child is affected with chalazion.

    Summer Eye Care Tips

    Summer is finally here, which means you’re going to be putting away your sweaters, boots and winter cream and replacing them with sunscreen and summer clothing. Summer also means that you’re going to be spending a lot more time outdoors now that there’s no snow. Along with summer skincare, you need to make sure you take care of your eyes too.

    Here are some essential eye care tips that are important for summer:

    Wear sunglasses when you’re outdoors

    Just as going out without sunscreen can give you sunburn, going out on a sunny day without sunglasses can give you photokeratitis — which is sunburn of the cornea. This condition is caused when the cornea is exposed to harmful UV rays of the sun. Symptoms include dryness, discomfort and tearing up. It’s best to wear sunglasses if you’re going to be outdoors more often in the summer.

    You need to wear sunglasses even if you are wearing contact lenses

    While several contact lens brands are made with UV protection, they only cover the centre of the eye and not the area around the cornea, which means you might still be susceptible to sun damage if you’re wearing contact lenses but are planning on going outdoors. In addition to this, the sun might cause dryness and irritation if you’re wearing contact lenses without sunglasses.

    Wear hats to protect your eyes and skin

    Sunglasses don’t offer protection from UV light on their own, so minimize your risk with a hat with a brim that is at least 3 inches wide. This mandatory protection can reduce the risk of getting harmful UV radiation on your eyes and will help save you grave eye problems in the long run.

    It is important to wear sunglasses and a hat

    Long-term sun exposure can cause debilitating eye issues in the long run, like cataracts and macular degeneration.

    Symptoms of macular degeneration include not being able to see properly.

    Additionally, the skin around your eyes is extremely sensitive and can be prone to skin cancer if you don’t take proper care and protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV light. Sunscreen can be very helpful in protecting your skin from sun damage. Wearing sunglasses and a hat can save your eye health in the long run.

    Wear goggles if you’re going to take a swim

    If you’re planning on spending time in the pool, don’t forget to take your goggles. The pool’s chlorinated water, which also might be full of germs, can be dangerous to your eyes in the long run. On the plus side, goggles will enhance your vision for underwater swimming.

    Protect your eyes while doing outdoor activities

    Wearing eye protection is not only important to avoid sun exposure. You should also wear eye protection when you’re doing outdoor activities like mowing the lawn or woodwork outside, where there’s a risk of something going into your eye and causing long-term injury. Always make sure to wear protection like glasses, goggles or other protective equipment to shield your eyes and face from potential damage.

    Wearing protective eye gear is also a good idea if you’re going to be playing sports like baseball or basketball, where there’s a risk of an eye injury.

    Taking a proactive approach to eye care can go a long way in keeping vision problems at bay. If you are looking for an expert for a general eye check-up, call Insight Vision Center to get your eyes tested and treated, if needed.

    Winter Eye Care tips

    Winter weather can be especially problematic if you already have a sensitive body. The skin gets dry, hands and feet get cold, and eyes get teary – these are some of the many problems most people face during the winter months.

    Winters can cause several different eye problems. Exposure to harsh winds during the winter months can result in itchy and dry eyes. While it may not be possible to avoid dry eyes altogether, here are some eye care tips to consider this winter.

    Keep yourself hydrated

    To maintain healthy eyes, it is essential to keep yourself hydrated during winters. Consuming healthy fluids like water, green tea, lemon water instead of caffeine-rich beverages like coffee and tea is ideal. This will prevent the body from getting dehydrated.

    Use warm washcloth compression to soothe dry eyes

    People with dry eyes typically experience tear secretion. A warm washcloth compression on the eyes can reinstate the moisture in your eyes. This further helps soothe itchy, irritated and swollen eyes and significantly improves your vision.

    Follow these tips to reduce excessive tearing of eyes

    The cold wind and air make some people tear excessively, which can cause blurry vision. Excessive runny eyes and tearing is usually due to seasonal allergies, cold air and biting winds.

    Tips to reduce excessive tearing of eyes:

    • Wipe and swab your eyes with a clean tissue or a soft cloth.
    • Protect your eyes while being outdoors by wearing sunglasses.
    • Try an allergy medication or over the counter eye drops to reduce the effect of seasonal allergies.

    Follow these tips to prevent dry eyes in winter

    Dry eye is a condition that happens when a person cannot produce enough tears to lubricate the eyes. The external and internal air tends to be drier in the winter. As the eye needs moisture, this can be challenging, and it results in dry eyes.

    Tips to prevent dry eyes:

    • A great way to protect eyes from winter dryness is wearing sunglasses.
    • Avoid dryness by using over the counter eye drops and keeping your eyes moisturized at all times. But be mindful of the fact that overusing these products might damage your eyes.

    Follow these tips to reduce eye redness

    Extreme winter conditions can cause inflammation, tenderness and redness in the eye area. This may result in decolorization of eyes or swollen eyelids, causing seasonal allergies, snow blindness or dry eyes.

    Tips to prevent redness:

    • Apply a cool compress like a damp washcloth and take an over-the-counter pain killer to reduce the soreness and redness.
    • If your symptoms persist, consult an eye doctor to determine the cause of the irritation.

    Follow these tips to protect your eyes from reflected UV rays

    Ultraviolet light injures the eye’s surface, which results in inflammation of the cornea. This may require antibiotic eye drops to treat the infection. Symptoms may include pain, sensitivity to light or redness, pain, and sensitivity to light. Prolonged exposure to UV light is also a major contributing factor in the formation of clouding of the lens or cataracts clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision.

    Tips to prevent eyes from reflected UV rays:

    • Wear polarized sunglasses with at least UV400 protection and shield the eyes with eyeglasses.
    • If you’re hitting the icy slopes, make sure your sunglasses and goggles have polycarbonate lenses with UV protection.

    We don’t often think of winter as the time of the year when our eyes need superior protection, but unfortunately, they do. Wind, dry air, and reflected UV light create unique challenges that make it essential to take the extra precaution of our eyes while being indoors and outdoors. And while COVID-19 prevails with its undeterred infectious rage, it is critical to be more cautious about other winter-induced seasonal flu by keeping the level of immunity up.

    If you’re facing problems during winter, it’s best to see your eye doctor soon. Don’t delay! Call the eye experts at Insight Vision Center to get your eyes tested and treated, if needed.

    Working from home

    Our world has witnessed the outbreak of various epidemics and pandemics in the past. But digitalization has proved to be the biggest boon during this COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. It is because of digitalization that we have been able to adopt work from home as a lifestyle change and kept the economic wheel churning even during these tough times. But while digitalization has its positives, the downside of technology is our how it impacts our health in the long run.

    Work from home has increased our convenience of being connected to our colleagues all the time, but it also keeps us glued to our screens ever more. And so, here are some work from home useful health tips that will help you reduce your eye strain and improve eye health.

    1. Proper monitor position
    2. The correct monitor position is to have the top of your monitor at / just below the eye level. Sufficient distance between the monitor screen and your eyes (about an arm’s length) ensures that there is no unnecessary strain being caused to your eyes.

    3. The ‘20-20-20’ rule
    4. Ophthalmologists suggest that after every 20 minutes of staying connected to the screen, one should take a break for 20 seconds and look at something which is atleast 20 feet away.

    5. Adjust screen brightness and contrast
    6. If you are in a dark room, it’s best to have low brightness; and when you are in a brightly lit room, you must have higher brightness. Screen brightness, if adjusted with the brightness of your surroundings, helps improve the contrast which is soothing to your eyes.

    7. Limit glare from your monitor screen
    8. Monitors reflect a certain amount of light which causes glares. An anti-glare protector or a matt screen is useful to reduce the glare that is reflecting back from the computer screen.

    9. Choose the right eyewear
    10. Ultraviolet light rays which are emitted from screens are harmful for the eyes. And hence, if you wear spectacles, ensure that the lens has an anti-glare coating which limits atleast 99% of both UVA and UVB light rays.

    11. Exercise your eyes
    12. Like your muscles need exercise to stay in form, your eyes also need exercise to stay fit. Here are a few eye exercises that will not just relax your eyes from computer screen strain, but also have the potential to improve your vision.

    13. Don’t forget to blink
    14. When we are deeply involved in our work, we forget to blink. This is why, there has been a drastic increase in the number of people who are complaining of dry eyes today. Blinking helps lubricate our eyes and moistens them. So whenever you are working in front of the screen, make a conscious effort to blink as often as you can.

    15. Eat Healthy
    16. A diet plays an important role in maintaining eye health. Foods that are good for the eyes include green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, asparagus as well as legumes, nuts and beans.

    As work from home becomes the new work culture worldwide, let’s increases our productivity and protect our eye health from the harmful side effects of our devices in the long run.

    lazy eye in kids

    Lazy eye is a visual impairment that is usually seen in early childhood years. In fact, 2 out of every 100 children are affected by this condition. Though this is concerning, lazy eye in kids can be treated. But first, it’s important to know what lazy eye is and how it can be cured.

    What is lazy eye?

    Also known as amblyopia, lazy eye is a visual condition in which the brain favors one eye more than the other. An eye is affected by amblyopia because of a number of conditions that prevent it from properly focusing and communicating with the brain. As a result, the brain ends up favoring the other eye.

    The most common cause of amblyopia or lazy eye in kids is a weakness or an imbalance in the muscles responsible for positioning the eyes. It prevents the eyes from properly working together.

    Effects of Lazy Eye in Kids

    These are the signs you need to look out for if you think your kid may be affected by lazy eye or amblyopia:

    • A wandering eye
    • Misaligned eyes
    • Squinting
    • Poor depth perception
    • Rubbing one eye
    • Head tilting
    • Problems with reading and writing

    As the kid grows and the condition progresses, they could be prone to more serious risks. In severe cases, lazy eye can also lead to loss of vision. Therefore, it is best to detect the problem as early as possible and understand your kids’ options for amblyopia treatment.

    How can I tell if my child has amblyopia?

    The signs of lazy eye in children can be easily noticed if you pay just enough attention. The first sign you should look for is misaligned or crossed eyes. This symptom indicates strabismus in which the brain bypasses the visual information that the lazy eye receives.

    If you suspect the problem, you can get an eye patch for kids since children with lazy eye complain of blurry vision when their dominant eye is covered. To confirm the diagnosis, consult a certified and experienced optometrist, who may use the test called photo screening, which estimates the child’s eye alignment and helps look for a potential problem.

    Lazy Eye Treatment

    Glasses – Lazy eye in children can be corrected with glasses sometimes. Children with far-sightedness, near-sightedness, or astigmatism are usually prescribed glasses. The specialist monitors the improvement in vision and lazy eye, and suggests the course of treatment, if needed, after that.

    Occlusion or Eye Patch – It is one of the most effective lazy eye correction method. In this treatment, the good eye is covered with a patch so that the lazy eye starts working. With the patch on, the brain will only receive information from the lazy eye, and hence, will not ignore it. The patch must be worn for a few hours every day. Also, children should be encouraged to read, color, write, or do other close-up activities while wearing the patch.

    Atropine Eye Drops –Another effective amblyopia treatment, atropine eye drops are used to dilate the pupil and blur the vision in the good eye. It has the same results as an eye patch and is less awkward for children.

    Vision Exercises – Vision exercises are really helpful and can be done in combination with other treatments.

    Lazy Eye Surgery – Lazy eye surgery may be recommended when no other treatment works. It usually results in better eye alignment and also improves the appearance of the eye.

    Amblyopia is a serious vision problem that can even lead to blindness. But the good news is that it is treatable in kids. Therefore, it is important to fix lazy eye in children as early as possible.

    Consult the experts at InSight Vision Center and ensure the most comfortable and friendly lazy eye treatment for your child.

    Coronavirus and eyes

    By now, the whole world knows what COVID-19 is capable of doing – fever, cough, and shortness of breath that can take 2 to 14 days to show up after a person is exposed to the virus. In some people, the infection can get so severe that it can develop into pneumonia, leading to complications or even death.

    According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, a couple of reports suggest that coronavirus can also cause pink eye (conjunctivitis) in the infected person.

    How Coronavirus Can Affect Your Eyes

    Health officials believe that conjunctivitis develops in about 1% to 3% of people with coronavirus.

    Conjunctivitis is an infection of the membrane, known as conjunctiva that lines the eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball. The symptoms of pink eye include itchiness, redness, tearing, discharge that forms a crust, and a gritty feeling in the affected eye.

    How Coronavirus Is Transmitted

    When a person infected with coronavirus sneezes, coughs, sneezes, or talks, the virus can spray from their nose or mouth into your face. It’s likely that you inhale these droplets through your nose or mouth, and it’s also likely for the virus to enter your eyes too.

    If you touch an object that has been contaminated with the virus – like the door knob – and then touch your eyes, the virus can enter your eyes.

    The doctors at Insight Vision Center, Fresno, CA, have been closely following the coronavirus updates and would like to offer tips on how to stay healthy and protect your eyes while hunkering down at home.

    Below are some eye protection guidelines you can follow:

    1. Avoid rubbing your eyes.
      If you have the urge to rub your eyes or adjust your eyeglasses, don’t use your fingers, instead use a tissue. And if you must touch your eyes, wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds before and after touching your eyes.
    2. Switch to eyeglasses for a while instead of wearing contact lenses.
      If you tend to touch your eyes a lot for no apparent reason, consider wearing glasses more often. Wearing eyeglasses instead of contact lenses decreases the irritation in your eyes due to contact lenses, and you are more likely to pause before you touch your eyes. If you want to continue wearing contact lenses, ensure that you follow the contact lens hygiene to reduce your chances of an infection.
    3. Wear glasses for an added layer of protection.
      Although sunglasses or corrective eyeglasses can protect your eyes from virus-infected droplets, they do not provide 100% protection. The virus can enter into your eyes through the exposed areas such as the side, top, and bottom of the glasses. If you are taking care of a sick patient or if you are potentially exposed to the virus, wear safety goggles for a stronger defense.
    4. Stock up on critical eye medicines.
      Don’t wait until the last minute to contact your pharmacy and request a refill of your medications. During the lockdown, there may be a shortage of supplies, so it is advisable to stock up on critical medications, enough to get you by in emergency situations during the quarantine. If you have trouble getting approval from your insurance company, ask your pharmacist or your ophthalmologist for help.
    5. Practice safe hygiene and social distancing.
      Follow these general guidelines issued by The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to slow the spread of disease:
      • Wash your hands as often as possible for at least 20 seconds using soap and water. Make it a habit to wash your hands after you use the restroom, cough, sneeze or blow your nose, and before eating.
      • If you do not have access to soap and water, use a hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol).
      • Avoid touching your face — eyes, nose, and mouth.
      • If you cough or sneeze, use a tissue and throw it away immediately. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow and then wash your hands.
      • Maintain social distancing. Avoid close contact with people. Stay at least 6 feet away from a person with a respiratory infection.
      • Stay home when you are sick.
      • Disinfect commonly touched objects and surfaces, such as countertops and doorknobs in your house.

    Lazy eye

    Also known as amblyopia, lazy eye is a vision development disorder that causes abnormal visual development in early childhood. It is developed when the eye and the brain are not stimulated properly, and the brain favors one eye over the other. It can also be said that when nerve cells responsible for vision do not develop as they should, it results in a ‘lazy eye’.

    Usually, amblyopia occurs in one eye, but in some cases, it can occur in both the eyes.

    What causes lazy eye?

    Here are the leading causes of a lazy eye:

    Strabismus – A condition where the muscles responsible for the positioning of eyes are imbalanced is known as strabismus. This imbalance makes it difficult to track an object with both eyes together. As a result, the eyes turn out or cross.

    Now to avoid double vision, the brain ignores the visuals received by the misaligned eye. This eventually leads to a lazy eye.

    Stimulus Deprivation – When light doesn’t enter an eye due to some obstruction, it tends to become weaker. It could be due to eye surgery, glaucoma, a scar, cataract, etc.

    Refractive Amblyopia – When eyes have unequal refractive errors despite correct alignment, it can lead to amblyopia. For example, there may be near or farsightedness in just one eye. Or, there may be significant astigmatism in one eye and not the other.

    What are the symptoms of a lazy eye?

    Here are the symptoms you must look for:

    • Blurred Vision – When both the eyes together cannot focus on a single object clearly, the resulting image tends to be blurred.
    • Double Vision – This is caused due to the misalignment of eyes.
    • Miscoordination – Because of a lack of coordination between the eyes, they can’t focus on an object.
    • Eye Turn – It is a common symptom when both the eyes turn in different directions.

    How is the lazy eye diagnosed?

    Your eye doctor will examine both your eyes, checking for a wandering eye, eye health, difference in vision between two eyes, or poor vision. Before conducting the exam, they will use an eye drop to dilate your eyes which may result in a blurred vision for up to several hours.

    In infants, a magnifying device is used for an eye examination. The eye doctor may also assess their ability to follow moving objects and fix their gaze at a stationary object.

    In children above the age of 3, the test is done using pictures and letters.

    Amblyopia Treatment

    1. Glasses, Contact Lenses or Lasik Surgery
      Your doctor may prescribe corrective glasses or contact lenses to help you focus on things clearly. This, sometimes, also helps with double vision.

      In certain cases, your doctor may suggest undergoing Lasik eye surgery which not only eliminates the problem entirely but also stops it from forming again in the future.

    2. Surgery and Eye Care
      Lazy eye surgery is done to improve the turn and alignment of the eye. After the surgery, you will have to wear an eye patch over the dominant eye. This strengthens the weaker eye. The patch develops the part of the brain that controls the vision.
    3. Atropine Drops
      Atropine drops are put in the unaffected eye to blur its vision. They dilate the vision in the good eye so that the weaker eye can work more and better.

    Early treatment of amblyopia is extremely critical because if overlooked, the condition can lead to permanent vision problems. So, for proper visual development in kids, consult your doctor as soon as you notice any symptoms.

    Blurry vision

    Majority of people who have difficulty in seeing make a very common mistake when describing their poor vision. They interchangeably use the terms blurry vision and cloudy vision. However, there is a thin line of difference between both these terms. Both of them can be caused due to very different reasons. So, let’s find out what exactly these conditions are and understand their causes.

    What is Blurry Vision?

    Blurry vision is when the object you are looking at appears to be out of focus. In such condition, you may feel that squinting will make the object clearer. One of the best examples of blurry vision is the way an image appears on camera before you adjust the lens or give it a moment to focus on the subject. Symptoms include poor peripheral or left or right field of vision.

    What are the Causes of Blurry Vision?

    There are multiple factors which can cause blurry vision. Some of the most common ones are as follows:

    • Near-sightedness, far-sightedness or astigmatism
    • Cataracts
    • Corneal scarring or opacification
    • Abrasions to cornea
    • Age-related macular degeneration
    • Optic Neuritis
    • Retinopathy
    • Injury or trauma to the eyes
    • Infectious retinitis

    Some conditions in particular can cause headache as well as a blurry vision. These include migraine, low blood sugar, stroke etc.

    What is Cloudy Vision?

    Cloudy vision is when it feels like you are looking at everything through a haze or fog. You might feel like there is a film on your eyes and you can almost wipe or blink it away. For instance, looking through smudged glasses or through a window on a foggy morning is what having a cloudy or foggy vision feels like. It can be caused due to different reasons. Hence, the combination of its symptoms depends on the underlying cause. Its commonly occurring symptoms are as follows:

    • Double vision
    • Appearance of halos around lights
    • Light sensitivity
    • Watery or dry eyes
    • Poor night time vision
    • Bloodshot or red eyes

    What are the Causes of Cloudy Vision?

    One of the most common eye condition which causes cloudy vision is cataracts. As a part of the aging process, the lens of the eye loses its transparency in cataracts. Hence, it is generally seen in older people. Dirty or damaged contact lenses are also a very common factor resulting in cloudy vision. Besides, if the contacts are worn for too long, eyes become overly dry and can result in cloudy or blurred vision.

    Other causes include changes in or damage to the cornea due to infections or inflammations. Also, conditions such as macular degeneration, optic nerve disease and diabetes may cause your vision to turn cloudy.

    Since blurry vision and cloudy vision both can indicate presence of certain serious health issues, it’s important to get your eyes regularly checked. An ophthalmologist can identify early signs of eye health issues and even detect related signs of other underlying diseases.

    If you too are experiencing any symptoms of either blurry or cloudy vision, or have any queries related to eye health, get in touch with us. Our experienced team at InSight Vision Center can help you with any queries or issues related with vision and eye health.

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