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eye care

Scratched Eye - Symptoms & Treatment

Do your eyes hurt long after you accidentally poked your eyes, or something gets trapped in them? There are good chances that you got a scratch on the cornea of your eyes, the black circle in the middle of your eye. This condition is known as the scratched eye or corneal abrasion.

This post elaborates the symptoms and treatment options of the scratched eye. You will also get information on what to do and not to do for a scratched eye. Let’s get started!

Continue reading How to Treat Scratched Eye? Symptoms, Healing Time, Do’s & Don’ts

Nearsightedness vs. Farsightedness Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Are you struggling to read books? Or the road signs? Or the posters in your room? Is your vision appearing blurry? If yes, then you might be suffering from eye conditions like nearsightedness or farsightedness.

How do your eyes work?

While your eyes are the ones to give you vision, your brain does the work of seeing for you. Let us explain to you the complex connection of your eyes with your brain.

Continue reading Nearsightedness vs. Farsightedness: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

halloween contact lenses

Halloween contact lenses, are a must-have for a spook-tacular Halloween look! While you are spoilt for choice with a plethora of options available in the market, there are a few important things to keep in mind before choosing that perfect pair of Halloween contacts to complete your spooky look.

In order to bust myths around contact lenses and create awareness regarding the types of eye diseases which may result from wearing such lenses without prescription, we have made a concise and easy-to-follow infographic so that you dress up this Halloween with care!

Take a look at this infographic to know how you can treat your eyes with a safe choice when it comes to Halloween contact lenses.

Book an appointment with InSight Vision Center to know more about it.

halloween contacts

contact-lenses-care

You can wear contact lenses for either vision correction or aesthetic purposes. Either way, you should take proper advice from your eye care professional. Also, it’s crucial to keep your contact lenses clean and take good care of them. This is because unclean contact lenses can lead to serious eye infections and long-term vision problems. Also, with proper contact lenses care and hygiene, your lenses last long.

Thus you should know how to clean contact lenses and take care of them before you start to wear them.

Risks Associated With Contact Lenses

There are certain risks associated with wearing contact lenses. You can prevent any damage to your eyes due to contact lenses by being aware of these risk factors. They are as follows:-

  • Using eye drops while wearing contacts without the recommendation or approval from your eye doctor can cause problems.
  • Old and ill-fitting eye contact lenses may scratch your eyes.
  • If the contact lenses are not fitting well, they can even lead to blood vessels growing in your cornea. This may also lead to vision loss in the future.

You should always contact your eye doctor at the earliest if you notice any uncomfortable symptoms like red & watery eyes, blurry vision, or increased sensitivity in your eyes.

Tips on How to Clean Contact Lenses

Cleaning your eye contacts properly can protect your eyes from infections. Following these everyday cleaning tips will help you a lot:-

  • The “rinse and rub” method is an ideal cleaning method for all types of cleaning solutions. In this method, you rub the contacts with clean hands and then rinse with the cleaning solution, and afterward, you can soak them.
  • Before touching the lenses, wash your hands with soap and water. Also, dry them with the help of a napkin which should be lint-free.
  • Store contacts in their solution only. Don’t store in water.
  • Keep the contact lenses solution in its bottle only. The solution will not remain sterile if you keep it in another container.
  • Don’t clean eye contacts with your saliva or any other liquid. Use its solution only.
  • Don’t use old solutions to clean the lenses.
  • Keep the bottle storing lenses closed tightly. The tip of the solution should not touch anything.
  • Don’t use a DIY saline solution.
  • Throw away expired contact lenses and cleaning solutions.
  • Trim your nails regularly so that you don’t scratch your eyes or lenses.
  • Use hair spray or face mist before you place your lenses on your eyes.
  • Do your eye make-up after putting on lenses.

Safety & Care of Your Contact Lenses

Apart from its cleaning, few contact lenses care and safety measures are also helpful in making your contact lenses long-lasting, without any damage to your eyes. They are as follows:-

  • Always remove lenses before sleeping.
  • Never get water in your eyes while wearing contacts. Thus remove them before swimming, taking a shower, or getting into a bathtub.
  • Follow the schedule suggested by your eye doctor for wearing, removing, and replacing the contacts.
  • Your cornea can change shape after a point of time, and eye contacts can also wrap. Thus, you will get an eye exam schedule by your doctor to ensure that the lenses fit properly and the prescription is relevant. Don’t miss that appointment or delay it further. It can adversely impact the quality of your vision.
  • Your doctor, contact lenses manufacturers, and cleaning solution manufacturers will provide you with a particular set of instructions. Follow those instructions diligently.
  • If, for any reason, you keep your contact lenses for 30 days or more without re-disinfecting, don’t wear them again.

Contact Lenses Care System

Apart from the cleaning, safety, and caring routine, there is a proper contact lenses care system prescribed by the doctor of optometry. It is based on the lenses material and the way you wear them. There are basically 2 types of care systems – multipurpose care solutions and hydrogen peroxide care solutions. Multipurpose solutions are suitable in the case of GP (Gas Permeable lenses).

You can also be prescribed cleaning and soaking solutions for GP lenses. There are some generic contact lenses solutions as well. They are mostly suitable for older lenses. Following the correct care system is crucial for the success of contact lenses. If you wish to change the care system, do it with the recommendation of your optometry doctor only.

Contact Our EYE Experts in Fresno to Place Order for Best Suited Contact Lenses for You

Wrapping up!

The information mentioned above must help you in maintaining your contact lenses on a day-to-day basis. But for your overall vision safety with eye contacts, you should follow the eye check-up schedule with your eye doctor. A little care with lenses ensures youthful vision with a sparkle in your eyes always.

Contact InSight Vision Center in Fresno, CA for a Detailed Evaluation of Your Eyes.

Ocular-hypertension

Ocular hypertension or Intraocular pressure (IOP) is a condition in which your eye pressure gets higher than the average level. If left untreated, IOP can lead to glaucoma and permanent loss of vision. 3 to 6 million Americans are at risk of suffering from glaucoma due to high Eye pressure. Therefore you need to be well-informed about its causes, diagnosis and treatment.

Possible Causes of Ocular Hypertension

  • Medications

The steroid used in certain eye drops, asthma medicines, and medication for other chronic conditions can accelerate your eye pressure.

  • Risk Factors

The risk factors for getting glaucoma because of ocular hypertension include:-

    • Being more than 40 years of age
    • Being from Hispanic or African American race
    • Suffering from diabetes or hypertension or both
    • Family history of intraocular pressure
  • Inadequate Aqueous Production or Drainage

Aqueous is a clear fluid that is produced by the ciliary body in your eyes. Faster production of aqueous or its slow draining from eyes triggers IOP.

  • Eye Trauma

Eye trauma can disturb the production of aqueous, which can lead to ocular hypertension. Be sure to mention if you had an eye injury or trauma in the past when you go for an eye test.

Ocular Hypertension Symptoms

Unfortunately, there are no recognizable symptoms of high eye pressure. You can be attentive if you identify with any of the risk factors or causes mentioned above. But only a diagnostic eye check-up can detect high eye pressure.
Schedule an appointment at InSight Vision Center for a comprehensive eye exam.

Eye Pressure Test & Diagnosis

The following types of diagnosis can be performed during your eye check-up to detect whether your eye pressure is normal or high:-

  • Visual Field Testing

It is a risk assessment test that examines your peripheral vision through an automated visual field machine. Your case is considered high-risk if any vision defects are detected. This test is repeated every two months for high-risk patients.

  • Optic Nerve Check

Photographs of the front surface of your optic nerve are taken to assess any damage. These photographs can be taken periodically for comparison and future reference.

  • Pachymetry

In this test, your coronial thickness is checked via ultrasound. If your cornea is too thin, it can provide false low IOP reading. In contrast, a thicker cornea will give false high IOP reading.

  • Visual Acuity

It’s a manual test of your vision by making you read an eye chart that is put at a certain distance. If needed, you are provided with vision-correcting glasses.

  • Gonioscopy

It is a test performed to check the openness of drainage angle of your eyes with the help of special contact lenses. Shallow or closed drainage angles can accelerate eye pressure.

  • Tonometry

In tonometry, your eye pressure is measured from inside the eyes to check if it is coming in the range of normal intraocular pressure or not.

  • Front of the Eyes

All the front parts of the eyes, including the anterior chamber, cornea, lens and iris are tested using a microscope.

  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

In OCT, light waves are used to take cross-section pictures of your retina to check for any abnormality.

Ocular Hypertension Treatment

  • Closely Monitoring Intraocular Pressure

The eye doctors won’t start your medication at the first sign of high eye pressure. They will monitor it at regular intervals. You are at increased risk of developing glaucoma only if you frequently cross the normal eye pressure range by age.

  • Eye Drops

Eye drops are the most common form of IOP treatment. Your doctor might call you for regular check-ups to see if the eye drops are working without any side effects.

  • Surgery

If eye drops are not effective in treating your ocular hypertension, the doctor might prescribe surgery. But it is a risky treatment option. Thus your doctor will try all the alternate medicines before opting for laser or surgical solutions.

In Conclusion

You can’t do much to prevent ocular hypertension. But you can indeed prevent it from progressing into glaucoma by going for regular eye check-ups. Book your slot at InSight Vision Center for a thorough eye check-up to detect all underlying eye health issues, including high eye pressure.

Macular Degeneration

Your central vision depends upon the macula in your retina. When fluid or blood is leaked by abnormal blood vessels into the macula, you get the eye disorder known as wet macular degeneration or wet AMD. This disorder makes your central vision weak. This condition is curable through proper treatment. But if left untreated, it can lead to serious eye-health issues.

Possible Wet Macular Degeneration Symptoms

  • Blind spot or Blurry Vision
  • Weak Central Vision in Either or Both Eyes
  • Colors Appearing Less Bright
  • Words Appearing Blurred
  • Altered Vision
  • Not Able to Recognize Faces
  • Poor Vision in Dim Light
  • The symptoms get worse in a short time. Therefore don’t delay in contacting your eye doctor the moment you spot any of them.

    Causes of Wet AMD

    Aging and genes seem to play a significant role in causing wet macular degeneration. Smoking and obesity also contribute to worsening this eye disorder. It starts as dry AMD then progresses to wet AMD. If you get wet AMD in one eye, you will mostly get it in the other eye as well.

    Risk Factors

    Following factors can increase the chances of your dry AMD progressing into wet AMD:-

  • Being above the Age of 60 – Wet Age-related Macular Degeneration
  • Wet AMD in Hereditary
  • Protein Deposits Under the Macula
  • Being of Caucasians Race
  • More Than 5 Drusen
  • Smoking Regularly
  • Having Cardiovascular Disease or High Blood Pressure
  • Pigment Clumping
  • Being Obese
  • Prevention

    Following are the tips to reduce your risk of getting wet AMD:-

  • Have routine eye exams.
  • Be extra careful if you have cardiovascular disease, obesity, or high blood pressure.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat healthy food full of antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids like fish, nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Ask your doctor for dietary supplements which can reduce the risk of wet AMD.
  • Diagnosis

    After reviewing your medical and family history, the doctor will conduct the following tests to diagnose wet AMD:-

    • Dilated Eye Exam: The doctor uses eye drops to dilate your eyes. Then they will examine the back of your eyes with their instrument to trace blood, fluid, or multiple drusen.
    • Amsler Grid Test: This test detects a defect in central vision. The straight line on the grid looks distorted if there is an issue in the central vision.
    • Fluorescein Angiography: A colored dye is injected through your arms which travels to your eye. A camera follows the dye to examine any leaking blood vessels.
    • Indocyanine Green Angiography: It is also done through a dye to confirm fluorescein angiography findings or check any deeper abnormal vessel in the retina.
    • Optical Coherence Tomography: It is a non-invasive imaging test to observe the cross-section of the retina and any thickening, thinning, or swelling.

    Treatment

    There are two main methods of wet macular degeneration treatment:-

    1. Medication
    2. Your body sends growth signals for new vessels to develop. Some medicines can stop those signals from reaching the abnormal blood vessels in your macula. Injecting those medicines in the affected eye is the first-line treatment for wet AMD. Prominent drugs for wet macular degeneration treatment are Bevacizumab, Ranibizumab, Aflibercept, and Brolucizumab.

    3. Therapy
  • Photodynamic Therapy: Verteporfin drug is injected into your arms which travels to your eye blood vessels. Laser and lights are used from outside to aid verteporfin in curing the abnormal vessels.
  • Photocoagulation: It is only done for patients with a specific stage of wet AMD. A high-energy laser beam is used to seal your abnormal blood vessels underneath the macula.
  • Low Vision Rehabilitation: It is a therapy that helps you to adapt to your changed vision. You might need multiple visits to the doctor to fix your condition. You can be cured entirely, or some of your wet macular degeneration symptoms will go away partially.
  • Time to Visit a Doctor

    If you notice any wet AMD symptoms, you should visit your doctor for an eye check-up. It becomes more crucial if you are older than 65.

    Eye herpes, also known as ocular herpes, is a viral condition of the eye caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). In most cases, eye herpes affects the cornea of the eye when it is called herpes keratitis. Herpes around the eye can affect the superficial cells of the cornea or the main body of the cornea. Eye herpes is usually transmitted when a person touches a cold sore on their lip and then their eye, oral contacts such as kissing or sharing food, eating utensils or a toothbrush.

    Types of eye herpes: 

    There are two main types of eye herpes including:

    • Epithelial keratitis– is one of the most commonly occurring herpes of the eye wherein the virus is active in the thin outermost layer of the cornea, known as the epithelium.
    • Stromal keratitis– is a more serious condition because over time and repeated outbreaks cause enough damage to your cornea to cause blindness.

    Symptoms of Eye Herpes:

    An ocular herpes outbreak is diagnosed with various signs and symptoms associated with it. Experiencing inflammation of the cornea giving rise to irritation or sudden and severe ocular pain, or a supremely cloudy cornea leading to blurry vision are some of the indications.

    Other symptoms of eye herpes include:

    • The feeling of something being in the eye
    • Light sensitivity
    • Redness
    • Blurred vision
    • Swelling around the eyes
    • Inflamed eyelids (blepharitis)

    What causes eye herpes?

    The virus enters the body due to the nasal secretions or spit of a person with the infection. Upon entering, it travels through the body’s nerves including the ones in your eye. The virus could initially be dormant but certain triggers like fever, major surgical or dental procedures, stress, sunburn, trauma or severe injury can facilitate its reproduction causing eye irritation. Some causes include:

    • Major surgical or dental procedures
    • Trauma

    Diagnosing eye herpes

    Ophthalmologists, or eye doctors, begin diagnosing your herpetic eye disease by asking in-detail questions about the symptoms. That is followed by an eye exam to evaluate your vision, sensitivity to light, and eye movements using a special microscope (slit lamp) to visualize the eye’s surface and the eyelid.

    As part of the diagnosis, you may be asked to give a small cell sample from a blistered area for lab testing to check the presence of HSV. Another option is a fluorescein eye stain test to look at the dye stains in your eye and identify any problems with your cornea, such as scarring.

    Eye herpes treatment

    There is no cure for herpetic eye disease currently. Your doctor will prescribe antiviral medications to reduce the effects and symptoms of the condition. It could be medicated eye drops, ointments or oral medications, depending on the location and severity of your eye herpes. Your treatment will also differ depending on whether you have epithelial keratitis (the milder form) or stromal keratitis (the more damaging form):

    • Epithelial keratitis treatment – take antiviral medication to minimize cornea damage and vision loss. A common treatment is the oral medication acyclovir (Zovirax) because it doesn’t come with some of the potential side effects of eye drops. Your doctor may also perform debridement to remove diseased cells wherein they gently brush the surface of your cornea with a cotton swab after applying numbing drops.
    • Stromal keratitis treatment – In this case, prefer antiviral therapy and take steroid (anti-inflammatory) eye drops to reduce swelling in the stroma.

    Although eye herpes is not curable, you can minimize the eyesight damage during sudden outbreaks at the first sign of the symptoms. Contact your doctor to schedule an eye check-up today. That is because the sooner your treatment begins, the lesser significant damages your cornea will face.

    Chalazion, The Lump in Eyes

    There is a meibomian gland at the edge of your eyelid. The job of this gland is to produce lubricating oil for the eye surface. But when this gland gets blocked, minor swelling or a lump on your eyelid appears. This lump is known as chalazion and chalazia if you have multiple lumps over your eyelid. This condition is pretty common.

    Let’s look at the symptoms, causes, diagnosis of chalazion, and chalazion treatment as well.

    Signs & Symptoms of Chalazion

    You might have chalazion if you are facing the following prevalent signs and symptoms of chalazion:-

    • The inflamed, small, and red area mostly over your upper eyelid in the beginning stage.
    • Your eyes are feeling watery, along with irritation, discomfort, or pain.
    • Blurry vision in case of an enormous lump on the eyelid.
    • The skin surrounding your eyelid might also appear red.
    • When the inflammation increases, the lump on your eyelid feels firm and hard when touched.

    Chalazion Causes & Possible Risk Factors

    As mentioned earlier, chalazion happens when the oil-generating gland in your eyes gets blocked. It happens due to various reasons like:-

    • Underlying Inflammatory Conditions
    • Chronic Blepharitis
    • Seborrheic Dermatitis
    • Acne Rosacea
    • Viral Conjunctivitis

    Here are the possible risk factors associated with chalazion in your future which you should watch out for:-

    • Diabetes
    • Viral Infections
    • Skin Cancer
    • Tuberculosis
    • Return of Chalazion

    Diagnosis of Chalazion

    An Eye doctor can diagnose chalazion through performing a physical examination. They might also ask for your detailed medical history. In the physical examination, they will test the vision of both the eyes individually. The eye doctor will also check the eyelid, face, and eyes closed for any symptoms.

    If you are repeatedly suffering from chalazion, your eye doctors may refer you to an ophthalmologist. They will test you for other serious eye infections as well. In case of repetitive chalazion, your health care provider might also suspect underlying severe illnesses like diabetes. They might prescribe a blood test to conclude.

    Home Chalazion Treatments

    You can try these simple home chalazion treatments, which are effective according to the doctors also.

    • Warm compress is a traditional remedy for many ailments. It is effective for chalazion also. Apply and hold a warm compress on the affected eyelid for 15 minutes. Do that at least 3-4 times a day.
    • Give a gentle massage on the impacted eyelid and eyes after the warm compress. Massage and compress combined will unblock the gland.
    • Practice more patience because sometimes the lump on your eyelid might take weeks or months to disappear.
    • Don’t make any desperate attempts like poking, stabbing, popping, or trying to pinch the lump out. You might get scratches and inflammation on your gland. As a result, it may reclog.

    Signs That You Should Call Your Doctor

    The above home remedies should be enough to minimize the impact of chalazion. And the lump should also be gone in few days. However, if it doesn’t happen, your degree of infection might need advance medical treatment. So you should call your physician or ophthalmologist at the earliest.

    Some other warning signs which call for immediate action are fever, headache, protruded eyes, blurry or double vision, eye pain, and redness. If a child is facing these symptoms, you must soon get an appointment with the doctor.

    Key Takeaway!

    A chalazion is a common eye problem, and mostly it goes away in some time. But you should not take your eye health for granted. Keep a watch on the symptoms explained in this article. If the lump on your eyelid doesn’t go away after trying all the home chalazion treatments, you should not delay contacting your doctor to schedule an eye exam. And remember to be extra careful if a child is affected with chalazion.

    Summer Eye Care Tips

    Summer is finally here, which means you’re going to be putting away your sweaters, boots and winter cream and replacing them with sunscreen and summer clothing. Summer also means that you’re going to be spending a lot more time outdoors now that there’s no snow. Along with summer skincare, you need to make sure you take care of your eyes too.

    Here are some essential eye care tips that are important for summer:

    Wear sunglasses when you’re outdoors

    Just as going out without sunscreen can give you sunburn, going out on a sunny day without sunglasses can give you photokeratitis — which is sunburn of the cornea. This condition is caused when the cornea is exposed to harmful UV rays of the sun. Symptoms include dryness, discomfort and tearing up. It’s best to wear sunglasses if you’re going to be outdoors more often in the summer.

    You need to wear sunglasses even if you are wearing contact lenses

    While several contact lens brands are made with UV protection, they only cover the centre of the eye and not the area around the cornea, which means you might still be susceptible to sun damage if you’re wearing contact lenses but are planning on going outdoors. In addition to this, the sun might cause dryness and irritation if you’re wearing contact lenses without sunglasses.

    Wear hats to protect your eyes and skin

    Sunglasses don’t offer protection from UV light on their own, so minimize your risk with a hat with a brim that is at least 3 inches wide. This mandatory protection can reduce the risk of getting harmful UV radiation on your eyes and will help save you grave eye problems in the long run.

    It is important to wear sunglasses and a hat

    Long-term sun exposure can cause debilitating eye issues in the long run, like cataracts and macular degeneration.

    Symptoms of macular degeneration include not being able to see properly.

    Additionally, the skin around your eyes is extremely sensitive and can be prone to skin cancer if you don’t take proper care and protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV light. Sunscreen can be very helpful in protecting your skin from sun damage. Wearing sunglasses and a hat can save your eye health in the long run.

    Wear goggles if you’re going to take a swim

    If you’re planning on spending time in the pool, don’t forget to take your goggles. The pool’s chlorinated water, which also might be full of germs, can be dangerous to your eyes in the long run. On the plus side, goggles will enhance your vision for underwater swimming.

    Protect your eyes while doing outdoor activities

    Wearing eye protection is not only important to avoid sun exposure. You should also wear eye protection when you’re doing outdoor activities like mowing the lawn or woodwork outside, where there’s a risk of something going into your eye and causing long-term injury. Always make sure to wear protection like glasses, goggles or other protective equipment to shield your eyes and face from potential damage.

    Wearing protective eye gear is also a good idea if you’re going to be playing sports like baseball or basketball, where there’s a risk of an eye injury.

    Taking a proactive approach to eye care can go a long way in keeping vision problems at bay. If you are looking for an expert for a general eye check-up, call Insight Vision Center to get your eyes tested and treated, if needed.

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