Category

General

Changes-to-make-in-your-routine-for-great-eye-health

Your organs tend to get weaker and lose their functionality as you age and your eyesight is no exception to this rule. As you grow older and your eyesight weakens, it becomes susceptible to infections, cataracts, glaucoma and macular degenerative eye diseases. While most of us must be well aware of this fact, what we don’t realize is that our habits also affect our eye health greatly. Your habits may be doing more harm than good to your eye health and in turn to your vision.

Here are 8 simple changes you must make in your daily routine if you want to improve your eye health:

  1. Eat Right
    A balanced diet is one of the most important eye care steps you can take towards ensuring a healthy vision. Green leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, collards, oily fish like tuna and salmon, nonmeat protein sources such as beans, nuts and citrus fruits like oranges – all of these pack a whole lot of goodness in forms of nutrients, vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids which are essential for good eye health.
  2. Keep Your Blood Pressure, Cholesterol and Glucose Levels in Check
    Heart disorders and cardio-vascular diseases greatly increase the risk of low vision because your heart health affects the blood vessels in your eyes, resulting in retinopathy. To protect your eyes from the irreversible damage caused by increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels, it is important that you take your prescribed medicines on time and follow the recommended precautionary measures that control your blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure.
  3. Wear Protective Eye Wear
    Whether you are stepping out in the sun, sitting in front of the computer screen, going for a swim or playing contact sports – wearing appropriate protective eyewear is crucial. Choose good quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays as these rays can cause problems like cataracts, cornea burns and even cancer of the eyelid. Also, protective and appropriate eye gear is recommended for swimmers and those who are actively involved in sports such as basketball, baseball etc., to avoid eye infections, low vision and injury.
  4. Quit Smoking
    The ill effects of smoking are well known. But did you know that smoking can be injurious to your eye health? If you smoke, you are at a greater risk of developing eye diseases like cataracts or macular degeneration. Besides, smoking also builds up plaque in your bloodstream and weakens arteries which not only increases the risk of a heart attack but also damages your retina and may result in low vision.
  5. Limit Exposure to Digital Screens

    From the moment we wake up to the moment we go to bed, our eyes are exposed to digital screens for long hours. This puts excessive strain on your eyes and causes blurry vision, dry eyes and headaches. Over a period of time, your eye health gradually deteriorates, resulting in low vision.

    To avoid these ill effects caused by digital eye strain, you should work on limiting the period you spend staring at digital screens and give your eyes some rest at regular intervals. You can follow a helpful technique called the 20-20-20 rule where every 20 minutes you need to focus at something that is at least 20 feet away from you for 20 seconds. This rule will not only protect your eyes from the adverse effects of digital strain but also help you prevent low vision in the long-term.

  6. Get Regular Eye Exams
    Regular eye checkups are of utmost importance. This will help your ophthalmologist diagnose eye diseases and related problems such as myopia and cataract at the initial phase itself. Early detection helps the doctor prescribe timely and appropriate treatment for healthy eyes. Also, regular eye exams can help your eye doctor identify early signs of eye diseases like glaucoma that otherwise have no visible symptoms.
  7. Get Adequate Sleep and Maintain Proper Eye Hygiene

    A good night’s sleep can do a world of good to your eye health. Those who stay up late, often complain of eye pain the next day. This is because the muscles of your eyes also need adequate relaxation. Adequate sleep helps release the stress of your eye muscles. So, ensure that you get at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep.

    Eye hygiene becomes more crucial for those who wear contacts and eye makeup. Always ensure that you clean your hands and your contact lenses with appropriate solution to protect your eyes. You should never sleep with your contacts or eye makeup on. Also, never use expired cosmetics. If you are suffering from low vision, you can also ask your eye doctor for Lasik eye surgery. It will help you see your best and avoid all the hassles of eye care that accompany contact lenses.

  8. Exercise Regularly for Eye Health
    Almost every one of us is well versed with the benefits of exercising regularly. It promotes overall physical as well as mental health. However, few of us know that regular exercise does wonders for the vision also. Exercising daily for only half an hour boosts blood and oxygen flow to your entire body including the eyes which in turn improves eye health and protects your eyes from low vision and eye diseases.

If you are facing any vision-related problems, get in touch with our vision experts at InSight Vision Center in Fresno, CA today and learn more about what you can do to maintain healthy eyes.

Nutrition-and-Lifestyle-Eyes-Healthy

Eyes are your window to the world, and you should never take them for granted. Vision and eye care should be a priority no matter your age, but it’s especially important to look after your eyes as you get older. Advancing years increase the chances of eye problems, but you can delay or even avoid these by taking the right steps early on!

Upgrade Your Nutrition, Diet and Lifestyle to Fight Eye Disease

In addition to getting an eye exam regularly, you should also consider upgrading your lifestyle and diet for better eye health. With the right eye care and nutrition, you can retain healthy vision and fight issues such as macular degeneration and cataracts, which are often to blame for vision impairment and eventual blindness as you get older.

Follow these 5 diet and food tips for eye health:

  1. Whole Grains & Fiber – Fiber-rich cereals and whole grains slow the digestion of starches, sugars and carbohydrates, regulating blood sugar levels. They also give you vitamin E, niacin, and zinc, which fight cataracts and AMD.
  2. Fresh Fruits & Veggies – Dark green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits are loaded with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and dietary fiber, which can help keep eyes healthy as well as reduce free radical damage and dry eyes.
  3. Essential Nutrients – Vitamins A, E and C, zinc, lutein and zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids and quality proteins are especially helpful for eye health. If you aren’t getting these from your diet, ask your eye doctor to suggest a supplement.
  4. Low-Sodium Foods – Too much salt can raise the risk of dry eyes and cataracts, so avoid foods that are high in sodium. Fresh or frozen fruits, vegetables and seafood have less sodium and more nutrients than processed foods, so eat healthy!
  5. Healthy Liquids – Dry eyes increase the possibility of developing cataracts and vision problems, so make sure you stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water, fresh fruit juices, herbal tea or low-fat milk, and avoid caffeinated beverages, sugary drinks or alcohol.

Try these 5 lifestyle changes to protect your vision:

  1. Don’t Smoke – Not only is smoking linked to cancer and lung disease, studies show that it can also increase the risk of cataracts as you get older. If you’re a smoker, give it up. If you aren’t, don’t start!
  2. Proper Lighting – When you’re reading, writing, or using devices with electronic screens, make sure you have adequate lighting. This reduces eye strain, especially if you use anti-reflective glasses too.
  3. Sun Protection – UV rays from sunlight can cause your eyes to age faster, so wear a hat as well as sunglasses or other protective eyewear when you head outside. Look for glasses with 100% UV protection.
  4. Adequate Rest – Like the rest of your body, your eyes need some downtime too. Make sure you get a good night’s sleep, take frequent breaks, and blink often while working on computers or tablets.
  5. Regular Exercise – You may already know about the health benefits of exercising regularly, but did you know this can also reduce the risk of eye disease? Head out for a walk or stretch at your desk!

The Importance of Getting a Comprehensive Eye Exam

Watch out for any changes in vision, especially as you get older. If you’re experiencing blurriness, double vision, loss of night vision, eye pain, headaches or other discomforts, see an ophthalmologist at the earliest. These could be due to eye disease, changes in power or number, as well as developing cataracts or AMD (age-related macular degeneration).

Still, eye problems such as diabetic retinopathy often show symptoms slowly and you may only notice changes in your vision when these get serious. We at InSight Vision Center offer comprehensive eye examinations so as to detect early signs of underlying serious issues and provide timely treatment. So visit or call us today to schedule your eye examination.

It’s no secret that exercising is the best way to get in shape and stay fit. It keeps you healthy and helps you avoid serious health conditions. But, did you know that exercising is also extremely beneficial for your eye health? This is because the act of exercising releases hormones and anti-oxidants that are known to combat the effects of cell damage in the body, which also includes your eyes.

How Physical Exercise Can Help You?

Researchers have also conducted numerous studies on the matter and have found a strong correlation between exercising and good eye-health. When our body is undergoing physical stress in the form of a work-out, it stimulates our endocrine system, which releases chemicals and hormones that control the various cellular functions of the body. The hormones released while working-out are known to control a number of physiological reactions in the body. These hormones allow you to build new muscle and tissue while helping you burn fat. They also play a large role in facilitating the following bodily functions:

  • tissue growth and regeneration
  • hydration levels
  • synthesis and degradation of muscle protein
  • energy generation
  • metabolism levels

The endocrine glands also produce a number of anti-oxidants that help fight the effect of free radicals in your body as well as your eyes. Free radicals in the eyes are known to cause a number of eye-diseases, listed as follows:

  1. Cataract
  2. Glaucoma
  3. AMD or Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  4. Diabetic Retinopathy
  5. Dry Eye
  6. Low Vision

If you are suffering from any of the eye-diseases mentioned above or are looking to reduce the chances of their occurrence all together, cardiovascular exercises are the way to go. Exercises such as Aerobics, Zumba, jogging or even brisk walking will help lower the pressure in your eyes, otherwise known as help intraocular pressure. The hormones and anti-oxidants that release post-workout also helps keep the retinal ganglion cells protected by fighting free radicals in the eye. Cardio exercises are especially beneficial as it helps increase the flow of the blood to the optic nerve and the retina. While vision related problems cannot be fixed completely, exercising helps enhance overall eye health while protecting it from free radical damage and reducing their long-term effects.

If you are facing eye-related health problems or need an assessment of your current eye health, call us on +559-449-5050 to contact our team of professionals at Insight Vision Centre in Fresno, California and schedule your eye exam today!

watch-solar-eclipse

In the excitement of the much awaited solar eclipse make sure you don’t forget the one thing that you’ve grown up listening to – Do not look at the sun with your naked eyes. This solar eclipse is no exception to the rule so if you plan to catch a glimpse of the rare event taking place on August 21, here are 7 tips to keep in mind:

  1. Sunglasses, color films, media X-ray films, floppy disks, and smoked glass should never be used for viewing a solar eclipse as none of these options offer any protection against harmful UV radiation.
  2. You can use a telescope or binoculars to project the sun’s image on a screen while avoiding the side-mounted finder scope.
  3. You can also buy eclipse glasses at a local welding supply store but be sure to check that the glass grading meets the safety requirements set by the ISO.
  4. If you happen to live in the path of the solar eclipse, you can safely witness it with your naked eyes at the moment of totality when the moon blocks the sun completely.
  5. Those of you who do not wish to take any risk can view the event from the comfort of your couch while it is being streamed live on your TV screen.
  6. If you normally wear glasses do not remove them to put on your eclipse glasses. Instead, wear your eclipse glasses over your normal eyeglasses or you can also hold them in front of your regular glasses.
  7. If you are into a lot of DIY, an alternative method is using a pinhole projector where you stream the sunlight from a small pencil hole onto a makeshift screen. Make sure you do not look at the eclipse through this pinhole but only at the partially eclipsed sun on the projector screen.

Eclipse blindness is not a myth so do not risk your lifelong healthy vision when viewing a grand solar phenomenon for a few seconds. You pair of sunglass definitely won’t protect you against the harmful UV rays and infrared light. In order to educate people on the perils of unsafe viewing practices and how to view this captivating celestial occurrence safely, two experts – Dr. Eric Poulsen and Dr. White have made a few recommendations. Read them in detail here and enjoy this once-in-a-lifetime experience safely:

http://abc30.com/amp/society/tips-for-safely-viewing-the-solar-eclipse/2311505/

Photo Refractive Keratectomy is a laser eye surgery that is designed to correct vision problems. PRK recovery takes a bit longer than recovery from LASIK eye surgery. Both surgeries are done by changing the shape of the cornea.

Both LASIK and PRK treatment provide great visual outcomes. So why should you have to choose between PRK vs LASIK? Some patients prefer LASIK for its faster healing, and others prefer PRK for its extra safety.

What is PRK?

 
Photo Refractive Keratectomy is a type of refractive surgery to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. PRK is the very first type of laser eye surgery for vision correction and is the predecessor to the popular LASIK procedure. PRK recovery takes a bit longer in terms of recovery than the LASIK procedure. PRK is still commonly performed and still offers advantages over LASIK for some patients.

PRK works by reshaping the cornea using an excimer laser, allowing light that enters the eye to be properly focused onto the retina for clear vision.

In PRK the thin outer layer of the cornea is removed and discarded prior to reshaping the underlying corneal tissue with an excimer laser. The epithelium heals itself back over the corneal surface within a few days.

What is LASIK?

 
In LASIK eye surgery, the eye surgeon makes an incision in the cornea to create a flap of tissue. The flap of tissue is lifted so the laser can be applied to reshape the inner layers of the cornea. The laser is computer controlled and reshapes the layers of the cornea to repair imperfections in curvature that lead to a distorted vision. The corneal flap is then placed back into place and heals over the reshaped part of the cornea in a few days.

PRK vs. LASIK- What’s the Difference?

 
Let’s take a look at the differences between PRK and LASIK surgery:

Difference PRK LASIK
Type Laser-based corrective vision
surgery so as to help the
patient reduce dependency on
glasses or contact lenses.
Laser-based corrective vision
surgery so as to help the
patient reduce dependency on
contact lenses or glasses
Treatment for Preferred for people who have
a thin cornea, Myopia or
Nearsightedness, Hyperopia or
Farsightedness, Astigmatism
Nearsightedness or Myopia,
Farsightedness or Hyperopia,
Astigmatism
Eligible Age 21-40 21-40
Pros Decreased depth of laser
treatment, no complications regarding corneal flap, corneal
thickness regulated
Speedy recovery, decreased
risk of post-surgery infection, lower post-operative
discomfort, peak vision
achieved quickly as compared
to PRK, both eyes can be done
at the same time
Cons Recovery slower as compared
to LASIK, increased risk of post-
operative complications,
greater post-operative
discomfort, patients sometimes
have to wait for up to one to
two weeks before operating
the second eye
Possible complications from
corneal flap, increased depth of
laser
Potential Side Effects Dry eyes, infection, night
blindness – halos around lights,
light sensitivity during night
time
Night blindness – halos around
lights, dry eyes, infection,
dislodged corneal flap, light
sensitivity during night time
Cons Recovery slower as compared
to LASIK, increased risk of post-
operative complications,
greater post-operative
discomfort, patients sometimes
have to wait for up to one to
two weeks before operating
the second eye
Possible complications from
corneal flap, increased depth of
laser
Criteria No history of dry eyes, no eye
injuries or infections within a
year, stable prescription for
minimum one year
Normal depth cornea, no
history of dry eyes, stable
prescription for at least one
year and no injuries or
infections within a year
Healing and Recovery Takes up to six months before
peak accuracy is achieved and
clarity in vision is reached.
Requires around one to three
days for blurring and
discomfort to subside
Vision improved immediately,
blurring and discomfort gone
within 24 hours
Outcome 20/20 vision or better 20/20 vision or better

 

What to Expect from PRK?

 
You will have to have a thorough eye exam conducted on your eyes which covers the following factors:

  • The size of your eye pupils
  • How moist your eyes are, to evaluate the risk of developing dry eyes after laser eye surgery and have them treated accordingly.
  • Measuring the corneal curvature, using a corneal mapping device to measure the contours of the front surface of your eye.

Corneal thickness is also measured and taken into considerationPRK can be the best procedure under certain circumstances. Your doctor will assess all the above factors before taking the decision about whether you are a suitable candidate.

What is Right For You

 
The best way to getting rid of your glasses and contacts is to visit a few of your local area eye doctors for a consultation and see if you are eligible for either or both procedures. It is possible that you may be a candidate for only one or both surgical procedures; these doctors will give you their professional opinions, options, and recommendations. It is advised that you visit a couple of eye doctors in your area and their professional opinions on what to do regarding your eyes after which you can draw up your own conclusion.

To learn more about the best laser corrective procedure for you, contact our professionals at Insight Vision Center in Fresno today!

Are you experiencing blurred vision along with sore and irritated eyes? Do you find it difficult to focus your vision some times? If yes, then you like thousands of others might be suffering from strained eyes without realizing it. Other symptoms include dry eyes, double vision, increased sensitivity to light etc.

If neglected for long, eye strain may weaken your vision. Fortunately, there are some easy-to-implement tips which can soothe your tired eyes without much effort. Let’s take a look –

Ensure Correct Display Setting

Always make sure that the display settings of the screen you are working on are set to optimum and maximum brightness, so that you don’t have to strain your eyes. And if you still use the old-fashioned computers or the CRTs, you are at a greater risk of suffering from computer eye strain. Switch to LCD display monitors. These come with superior clarity and a host of display features which make working with them relatively easy for your eyes.

Use Computer Eye Wear

Working for long hours on screen continually, results in irritated and dry eyes. Consult your ophthalmologist and get yourself customized computer glasses. These are prescription glasses for those who have to work long hours on computer. They are anti-glare and ease the strain of your eyes to a great extent.

However, do keep in mind that it is essential to take frequent breaks from staring at the screens to avoid stress building up in your eyes.

Massage Eyes Regularly

This is a quick DIY technique to relive eye fatigue. Close your eyes and use your fingertips to gently massage the eyelids and the area around the eyes. You can also choose olive oil to aid easy movement of fingers. This will not only help relax the muscles around your eyes but also boost blood circulation, thus reducing the stress. If you are in constant contact of digital screens, this should be done 2-3 times a day, regularly.

Exercise to De-stress the Muscles

It has been proven that working with digital screens decreases the frequency of blinking, which is essential to keep eyes moist. So, while working for long hours on your gadgets, remember to look away from your screens and blink a few times. You can also follow the famous 20-20-20 rule, i.e. every 20 minutes look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

There are other simple eye exercises easily available on the internet, and you can even ask your ophthalmologist for some of them to reduce eye fatigue.

Wash Eyes Frequently

Just splashing your eyes with cold water by keeping them closed or open can soothe them within no time at all! The cold water promotes blood circulation and also alleviates pain in the muscles surrounding the eyes. Another great option is to use a warm compress.

Pro-tip: After splashing your eyes with cold water, lightly soak cotton balls in rose water and place them on your closed eyes. Rose water is deemed as a natural relaxer and helps reduce the eye strain.

Work in Appropriate Lighting

Majority of people are oblivious to this aspect. Extremely bright-lighted, under-lighted or shadowy work surroundings can also stress out the eyes. Whether at work or at home, always ensure first that the lighting is appropriate. This means it should neither be too harsh nor too dim, and you should be able to see, read and work without feeling any pressure on your eyes.

Be Regular with Eye Check ups

Religiously getting your eyes checked up as per your ophthalmologist’s prescription can help you save a lot of trouble, not only in terms of your eye health, but also your overall physical health. For instance, Retinopathy – a condition in which the blood vessels around the retina are damaged due to high blood sugar levels, is one of the first symptoms which indicate the presence of diabetes. Your ophthalmologist can warn you for any such risk indicators early and thus help you mitigate any related health issues in time.

In case you have more queries about how you can keep your eyes free from strain and maintain a healthy vision, visit us at Insight Vision Centre today!

eye-diseases-that-diabetic-patient-suffer-from

Do you have diabetes? If yes, then you are at a risk of developing serious eye diseases. High blood sugar can lead to problems like blurry vision, cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy. In fact, diabetes is the primary cause of blindness in adults between 20-74 years. Let us look at some eye diseases that result from diabetes.

4 Eye Conditions Related to Diabetes

1) Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)

One of the most serious eye conditions, diabetic retinopathy occurs when the tiny blood vessels present at the back of the eye become blocked and start leaking.

Types of DR

a) Background Diabetic Retinopathy

This doesn’t affect the eyesight but the eyes need to be monitored to ensure that the retinopathy doesn’t worsen.

b) Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

If background diabetic retinopathy gets worse, then many retinal blood vessels get blocked or damaged. If these changes occur over a large area of the retina, then the blood vessels to the retina will be reduced, which the body tries to fix by growing new blood vessels on the retinal surface or into the vitreous gel. However, these new vessels are generally weak and bleed very easily, thus affecting your vision

c) Diabetic Maculopathy

This occurs when the macula is affected by retinopathy. It affects the central vision, which is required to see fine details and color, and makes it blurry.

Causes of DR

The primary cause of this eye disease is chronically high blood sugar from diabetes as it directly damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina.

Symptoms

The early stages usually don’t have any symptoms, which is why the disease progresses unnoticed until it starts affecting your vision.

If the abnormal retina blood cells start bleeding, then it can cause an appearance of ‘floating spots’ in the eye. These spots may be clear on their own but if there is no proper treatment, the bleeding will recur and increase the risk of permanent vision loss.

Treatment

If your eye condition is detected in the early stages, then you will be given a laser treatment. It helps in preventing bleeding or growth of new blood vessels.

Reducing Risk

You can reduce the risk of DR by:

  • Controlling the blood glucose levels
  • Controlling the cholesterol levels
  • Controlling the blood pressure
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking

Get a regular retinal screening as it can help in detecting diabetic retinopathy at an early stage and early treatment will stop you from losing sight. You must have the retinal screenings more often if you’re pregnant and have gestational diabetes. The screenings must be done during your pregnancy and after your baby is born.

2) Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

This eye disease causes an accumulation of fluid in the macula, which is a part of the retina that controls our detailed vision abilities, due to the leaking of blood vessels. You must have diabetic retinopathy in order to have DME. It damages the blood vessels and results in vision impairment. If left untreated, these blood vessels begin to build up pressure in the eye and leak fluid, causing DME.

Causes of DME

High blood sugar is one of the main causes of DME. It can make the blood vessels leak or grow uncontrollably in your retina. DME occurs when the fluids leak into your retina. This leaking will cause the retina to swell, thus hampering the work of your macula.

Symptoms

It usually doesn’t have symptoms, however, you may experience the following:

  • Blurry images that are directly in front of you
  • Washed out colors

3) Cataract

This occurs when there is clouding or fogging in the otherwise clear lens of the eye. Since the lens allows you to focus and see images clearly, the cataract will cause blurry, cloudy or glazed vision. Cataract can strike anyone but those with diabetes can get cataract at an earlier age than others and the condition will progress more rapidly in diabetic people.

You can treat cataract through a surgery where the cloudy lens is removed or cleaned out and replaced by a clear man-made lens.

4) Glaucoma

Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve. It occurs when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye. This extra fluid builds pressure in the eye and damages the optic nerve and blood vessels, thus affecting the vision.

Symptoms

It does not cause any symptoms until it starts affecting the eyesight and you have major vision loss. However, in the early stages, you can experience headaches, blurred vision, eye aches, watery eyes and halos around a light.

Treatment

The treatment of glaucoma includes medications that can treat open-angle glaucoma. They lower eye pressure, reduce the amount of liquid the eye produces and speeds up the drainage.

Preventive Steps to Take

  • If you have type 1 diabetes, you should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist within three to five years after diagnosis.
  • Those with type 2 diabetes should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist shortly after diagnosis.
  • Annual eye exams are a must for people suffering from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. You can make the check-ups more frequent if necessary.
  • Women with a history of diabetes considering pregnancy should have an eye exam before and during pregnancy. This does not pertain to women with gestational diabetes.

Make an appointment today with an eye doctor at Insight Vision Center to rule out any eye diseases that may be caused due to diabetes.

dark-side-of-wearing-contact-lenses

Getting your first set of contact lenses would feel like an amazing upgrade to eyeglasses. You can see the world more clearly just by popping them in and you would look good too! They can fit in easily onto the eye and allow you to perform numerous tasks that might be uncomfortable in glasses such as traveling, exercising, etc.

However, if you do not use contact lenses properly, you will be exposed to some side effects which could even affect your vision in the long run.

8 Risks and Side Effects of Using Contact Lenses

1. Blockage of Oxygen Supply to the Eyes

Since contact lenses lie directly on the eye and cover the entire cornea, the amount of oxygen reaching your eyes will decrease. Good oxygen supply is absolutely critical to keep the eyes healthy.

Choose soft or silicone hydrogel lenses as they transmit more oxygen than the conventional soft contact lens materials. They will even be better for your eyes in the long run. Avoid wearing contact lenses for long hours at a stretch.

2. Dry Eyes

Contact lens reduces the quantity of tears getting on the cornea as they absorb most of our tears to keep itself soft. This lack of tears causes dry eye syndrome leading to itchiness, burning sensation and redness of the eyes. If the eyes get too dry, it will lead to the scarring of the cornea which can be extremely painful.

If you suffer from chronic eye dryness, use eyedrops to lubricate the eyes to provide some relief to them.

3. Irritation when Combined with Medication, especially Birth Control Pill

Concurrent use of contraceptive pills and contact lens together will result in chronic dry eyes and irritation. You will experience changes in the tear film, which primarily consists of three main layers which come together to protect, bathe and nourish the eye surface.

The combination of birth control pills and contact lenses will upset this balance in the tear film and cause excessive tearing, burning eyes and a gritty foreign body sensation in the eye. The restricted flow of oxygen to the eye will aggravate the condition.

Avoid using lenses as long as you are on the pill.

4. Diminished Corneal Reflex

Using contact lenses may cause diminished corneal reflex in the eye. Corneal reflex is a protective mechanism of the eye where the brain signals the eyelids to drop down to protect our eyes whenever the slightest amount of pressure is applied to the cornea. Corneal reflex makes sure that we close our eyes if something may cause a direct trauma to them, like a flying object coming towards our eyes or if someone tries to poke us.

When you use contact lenses constantly, you teach your body to ignore the natural corneal reflex. This may dull the eye’s response to corneal reflex, which could lead to the eye being damaged if you can’t shut your eyes fast enough in case of danger.

Keep the usage of the lenses to a minimum. Use glasses when you are at home to ensure that corneal reflex isn’t diminished too much by constant use.

5. Corneal Abrasion

There is a possibility of the contact lenses scratching your cornea, causing corneal abrasion if they are not fitted properly or when your eyes are too dry.

Never sleep with contact lenses in as the risk of abrasion will increase. The lenses will trap particles like dirt and sand and rub against your cornea. These abrasions will create an opening for bacteria and virus to seep through and give birth to eye infections, which can result in loss of vision too.

You may even scratch your cornea when you insert or extract contact lenses carelessly. Ensure that you fit the lenses carefully and you never sleep in them.

6. Red Eye or Conjunctivitis

There will be a high risk of conjunctivitis and stye if you wear contact lenses for long hours at a stretch, especially through the night. They provide a moist environment which acts as a potential breeding ground for microorganisms like viruses and bacteria. Additionally, since less oxygen reaches the cornea when you wear lenses, the body doesn’t fight off an infection that is caused by bacteria or viruses as effectively as it should.

Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) is the most common type of conjunctivitis that contact lens wearers get due to repeated irritation from the contact lenses.

Always, always, always remove your contact lens before sleeping.

7. Ptosis

Ptosis is a condition where the eyelids start drooling and the affected individuals are unable to open their eyes fully.

If you use contact lenses, they may move into the eyelid tissues causing scarring and contraction, which further leads to a lid retraction. This especially holds true for hard contact lens wearers as the eyelid is repeatedly stretched during lens removal.

Switching to soft contact lenses would be a good idea.

8. Corneal Ulcer

This occurs when an open sore caused by fungus, bacteria, parasite infection or viruses is formed in the eye’s cornea. A corneal ulcer can cause permanent blindness if it is not treated quickly. If it does lead to blindness, a corneal transplant will probably be the only way to restore vision.

Preventing Side Effects Caused by Contact Lens

Do not over-wear your contact lenses and discard/replace them as directed by the doctor. Remember that lens deposits will continue to build up on your contact lenses over a period of time. The longer you go without replacing the lenses, the more will be the lens deposits — this will reduce the oxygen supply to the corneas, eventually damaging the eyes.

Do not miss your routine contact lens eye exams. Being regular with the check-ups will help your eye doctor detect problems caused by the contact lens in the early stages and prevent them from getting serious by giving you timely treatment.

If your current contact lenses are uncomfortable, try changing them or get an updated prescription. This will help in relieving contact lens irritation. Moreover, you can consider LASIK as a permanent solution to contact lens discomfort.

habits damaging eyes

“To change your life, change your habits.”
-Anonymous

Have you ever wondered how some of your seemingly simple and common habits affect your eyes? Like those binge watching sessions of your favorite series late in the night or a quick swimming session with friends without swimming goggles. What’s wrong with relaxing with a good book before sleeping, you might wonder?

Certain habits form a major part of our lifestyle. And gradually they affect our eye health. Listed below are 7 such common habits, which you need to alter or get rid of entirely, to ensure that you maintain a healthy vision:

1. Staring at Screens before Sleeping

Can’t resist checking your smartphone before going to bed? Watching TV late into the night? If these seem familiar, you might be suffering from digital eye strain. Exposing your eyes to digital screens continually and especially before sleeping can lead to hazy vision, dry eyes, nausea and dizziness.

2. Working or Reading under Poor Lighting

Most of the people have the habit of reading late at night. Also, a majority of individuals work in poorly lighted environments. People should be conscious of the lighting levels in their surroundings so as to prevent damage to their eyes. Because, under-lighted settings can cause immense strain on your eyes and this might lead to dryness and irritation.

3. Frequently Rubbing Eyes

Think about how often do you unconsciously rub your eyes; itchy or not. You may be relieved from the itching sensation for a few moments. But the frequent rubbing can cause a lot of damage to your eyes. Firstly, you transfer germs from your hands to the eyes. And secondly, it can lead to wear and tear of cornea and fragile vessels around the eye.

4. Ditching the Protective Eye Wear

A lot of people forget about protective eye wear while playing sports or working with tools, welding machines, etc. For instance, swimmers must never swim without appropriate goggles. Chemicals in water can cause itching, blurred vision and in extreme cases even temporary blindness.

Also, while stepping out in the sun, people often forget to wear sunglasses. Exposure to harmful UV rays can cause Eyelid or Conjunctival cancer, Cataracts, Keratitis or even Corneal burns.

5. Depriving Yourself of Enough Sleep

Apart from several health implications like depression, weight gain, tiredness and decreased immune function, sleep deprivation also affects your eyesight badly. Pain, blurry vision, dry eyes and twitching are some of the adverse effects which you might experience if you don’t get the essential 7-8 hours of sleep at night.

6. Not Quitting Smoking

The chances of health issues related to vision are increased manifolds due to smoking. These include Cataracts, Glaucoma, Dry eye syndrome and Age-related macular degeneration. Those who smoke more and continue it for a long time are even more prone to blindness.

7. Missing Eye Checkups

Numerous people do not go for regular eye checkups. An eye exam can reveal much more than just a change in the eye power. Age, diet, daily activities – there are so many factors affecting your vision. So even if you feel that your vision is normal, you cannot be sure enough unless a professional examines it thoroughly. Many of the eye ailments can be detected in their early stages through periodic eye exams.

If you too are guilty of any or all of the above mentioned unhealthy habits, it’s time you do away with them. Our talented team at InSight Vision Center can help you with any queries and issues regarding eye care. You can also get rid of your glasses or contacts and enjoy a normal vision with the help of our exceptional Lasik services which are safe, reliable and cost-effective. So, make an appointment with us today.

protect-vision-little-ones

The physical and mental wellness of your children matter the most to you. One of the most important aspects of their physical health is their vision. Be it their diet, their hygiene habits or activities; all of these play an important role when it comes to maintaining and protecting the health of their eyesight.

Hence, we have listed in this article some simple yet valuable ways in which you can protect your child’s vision. Let’s take a look at them:

Watch What They Eat

Eating tantrums are one of the most common traits of childhood. To make sure that the children have a balanced and nutritious diet, you need to be tactful. Find interesting ways to include super foods which promote healthy vision like carrots, spinach and beetroot in their meals. For instance, you can make the plain old carrot more appealing by using it to prepare healthy desserts, colorful sandwiches or even healthy dips. Fruits such as blueberries, mangoes, papaya can be included in fruit salads and smoothies. Eggs can be prepared in multiple ways and are very beneficial for maintaining the health of eyes. You can consult a doctor to know more about the kind of the diet which will help nourish the eyesight of your children.

Encourage Hygienic Habits

Hygiene and children don’t exactly go hand in hand. Due to their playful and carefree nature, they are more likely to have dirty hands all the time. So, it should be ensured that they wash their hands frequently, and don’t touch their eyes with unclean hands. If your kid has an eye infection, special care should be taken to prevent him/her from rubbing eyes with dirty hands. As this would only make the infection worse.

Limit Their Time With Screens

With changing times, children’s preferences have also changed drastically. A majority of kids today would rather choose spending time in front of digital screens instead of playing outdoors in natural surroundings. This addiction of staying glued to the screens, if neglected for long can cause digital eye strain. Family picnics, cycling, outdoor sports and adventurous activities like hiking are some of the many options you can choose to ensure that your child spends less time gazing at those harmful screens.

Teach Them About Poor Vision

You should also educate your children about basics of a healthy vision. For instance, they should know enough to tell when they are unable to see things clearly, or have difficulty in reading or writing, have recurring headaches after concentrating for long durations, can’t tell the difference between colors, have irritated or painful eyes and other such symptoms. As a parent, you are constantly and consciously looking out for these symptoms. But, it’s also important that your child is capable of identifying such changes in his/her vision.

Focus On Vision Development

Visual stimulation is of great importance to nurture and develop your child’s vision. This should be done at an early age. You can introduce your child to different colors, shapes, tasks like sorting, stacking, and even ask your ophthalmologist for other visual aids which can be used for visual stimulation.

Provide Proper Eye Protection

While we all encourage our children to undertake various sports, it is essential to always make sure that they wear appropriate eye protection gear. There are various kinds of protective eye gears available for numerous sports and activities. So keep the eyes of your little ones safe while they play. Also, see to it that none of their toys have pointy ends, and that sharp objects like knife and scissors are out of their reach.

The ways mentioned above will help you protect your child’s vision effectively. Make an appointment with us at Insight Vision Centre, and we will help you learn more about how you can keep your children’s vision, safe and healthy.

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