Astigmatism in Children: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Astigmatism in Children

What is astigmatism?

Astigmatism is the imperfection of curvature of the eye’s cornea or lens. The cornea is the transparent layer on the outside of the eye that transmits and focuses the entry of the light into the eye.

A healthy cornea will properly refract the light, but children with astigmatism will have an egg-shaped cornea. Because of this, there is no proper refraction of light rays, causing blurry vision.

What causes astigmatism in children and infants?

Here are several factors that contribute to the development of astigmatism in children and infants.

  1. Family History

    If astigmatism runs in your family history, your child is more likely to get affected by it.

  2. Refractive Error

    If your child is already suffering from other common refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness), their chances of developing astigmatism increase.

  3. Maternal Smoking

    Few studies have shown that kids whose mothers smoked during pregnancy developed astigmatism.

  4. Certain Heritage

    According to previous studies on preschool children, a particular pattern showed kids with African-American, Asian, and Hispanic heritage were at a higher risk of developing astigmatism than children from other heritages.

Signs of astigmatism

It is difficult to detect symptoms of astigmatism in children because they typically can not vocalize their vision problems. But fortunately, there are several series of screening your child can go through at the eye doctor to detect the signs.

While in between the visits, it is important to keep an eye out for the following signs of astigmatism in children.

  1. Sensitive to Light

    People with astigmatism find lights to appear streaky or smeared with high glare, making it hard to focus on. If your child seems sensitive to lights, he has probably developed astigmatism.

  2. Squinting

    Sometimes kids use their own vision correction methods, such as squinting eyes or covering an eye, to focus on something. If you notice your child doing this while watching television, reading, or even just looking at something from a distance, consult an ophthalmologist.

  3. Eye Rubbing

    Eye rubbing is a sign of tired eyes, and if you see your child rubbing their eyes, this indicates eyestrain. Encourage your child not to rub their eyes as this causes damage to the eye and its surrounding tissues.

  4. Too Close to Digital Screens or Books

    Bringing a digital device or books right near one’s face is a sign of underlying vision problems. The light coming from devices or print books could appear blurry to a child with astigmatism, forcing them to move closer to the object.

Do children grow out of astigmatism?

According to statistics, 23% of infants from the age of 6 to 12 months have astigmatism, but as they grow, their eyes develop, correcting this refractive error and further dropping the statistics to 9% near the age of 5 to 6.

It is common for astigmatism in children to resolve on its own, but you should not solely rely on this. You need to keep track of your child’s visual behaviors and save their eyesight, as severe astigmatism in children leads to amblyopia (lazy eye), which can threaten their vision.

Now, just as it is possible for your child to grow out of astigmatism, it is also possible that they won’t. If your child does not grow out of astigmatism, several other treatments are available.

Astigmatism treatment options for kids

Here are a few astigmatism treatment options you can discuss with your child’s ophthalmologist.

  1. Natural Treatment

    Various natural treatments can be done within the comfort of your home. Following a healthy diet is one of them as it provides your child with all the nutrients such as:

    Vitamin A
    Vitamin A enriched foods such as eggs, milk, green leafy vegetables, fruits, and beef liver help protect the eyes’ exterior surface.

    Vitamin C
    Vitamin C-rich foods are recognized as the building block for strong capillaries that maintain the blood flow to the eyes. Cantaloupe, strawberries, kale, and oranges contain vitamin C.

    Vitamin D
    Vitamin D is essential for the overall health of your eyes, and you can find it in the sun, fortified milk and cereals, fatty fish like salmon or tuna, mushrooms, and pork.

  2. Eyeglasses

    Eyeglasses are the most common tool for correcting astigmatism. Children with astigmatism need to visit the ophthalmologist once every year to adjust their glasses.

    However, if your child complains about not seeing with their current glasses, don’t wait for yearly appointments; make one right away.

  3. Contact Lenses

    Contact lenses used for correcting astigmatism are known as toric lenses. They are recommended for low-grade astigmatism. Other options include gas permeable and hybrid contact lenses.

  4. Refractive Surgery

    Refractive surgery is a type of surgery that corrects the shape of the eye.

Tips parents should follow

Apart from the above treatments, these are some additional tips you can follow to protect your child’s eyes.

  • Encourage your child to wear their prescribed glasses.
  • Regular eye check-ups are crucial.
  • Restrict their screen-time.
  • Add outdoor playtime into their routine.
  • Keep your infants away from sharp toys.
  • Make them try a few eye exercises daily.

Consult an ophthalmologist

If you live in Fresno, CA, and notice your child facing vision problems, book an appointment at InSight Vision Center now and get them treated to avoid any severities.

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